Criminal Law

Criminal Law Questions? Ask a Criminal Lawyer.

Ask a Lawyer,
Get an Answer ASAP!

Criminal Law

My question is regarding California state laws concerning

Customer Question
Greetings, my question is regarding...
Greetings, my question is regarding California state laws concerning convicted felons and firearms particularly non firearms but signalling devices.Okay I know that under federal law and California law a person who has been convicted of a felony offense may not possess firearms or ammunition. However a flare gun is NOT considered to be a firearm either under federal law or California state law, at least that has been my understanding thus far.
What I want to know is it legal or illegal for a felon to possess a flare gun commonly referred to as a signalling device? So long as the flare gun is not used with conventional ammunition. Just possessed with signal flares for purposes of emergency situations and such. Is that legally permitted in California and federal law too?
Submitted: 1 year ago.Category: Criminal Law
Show More
Show Less
Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Answered in 1 minute by:
8/30/2016
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago
Colleen Grady
Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 555
Experience: Attorney and Counselor at Law
Verified

Hello. I will help you today. I have been an attorney for 27 years. I am reviewing your question and will be back to you shortly.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Ok
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

I am still working on this.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Wow is it really difficult to find out? I had difficulty with it too.
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Hang in there.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Lol. Cool
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Unfortunately I am a felon. I want to buy a flare gun to keep on my boat. That's why I'm asking about this, because if it is illegal I'm not gonna buy one.
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
One thing there's no background check or registration to buy one. There is a surplus store near me that sells flare guns over the counter.
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

I just found something from a CA Bail Bond company that says a felon cannot possess a flare gun. I want to find the law that says this.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Please do
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Anything yet?
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Just found it. This was a tough one.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Okay so what did you find out?
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

This is from the California Attorney General's handbook:

7. FLAREGUNS A flaregun is any loaded or unloaded rocket, rocket propelled projectile launcher, or similar device designed primarily for emergency or distress-signaling purposes. (Penal Code § 12031.1.) Because a flaregun is not designed to be used as a weapon, generally it is not considered a firearm as defined in Penal Code sections 12001(a) and (b). However, the following prohibitions also apply to flareguns:

• prohibitions against carrying concealed firearms (Penal Code § 12025.); and • prohibitions against carrying loaded firearms in public. (Penal Code § 12031.)

NOTE: Pursuant to Penal Code section 12031.1, a person may lawfully store a loaded or unloaded flaregun aboard a vessel or aircraft. A person may also possess a loaded or unloaded flaregun while in or traveling to and from a permitted hunting area, if the individual is carrying a valid California hunting permit or license.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Penal Code § 12025 states:

(a) A person is guilty of carrying a concealed firearm when he or she does any of the following:

(1) Carries concealed within any vehicle which is under his or her control or direction any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person.

(2) Carries concealed upon his or her person any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person.

(3) Causes to be carried concealed within any vehicle in which he or she is an occupant any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person.

(b) Carrying a concealed firearm in violation of this section is punishable, as follows:

(1) Where the person previously has been convicted of any felony, or of any crime made punishable by this chapter, as a felony punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

(2) Where the firearm is stolen and the person knew or had reasonable cause to believe that it was stolen, as a felony punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.

(3) Where the person is an active participant in a criminal street gang, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 186.22, under the Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act (Chapter 11 (commencing with Section 186.20) of Title 7 of Part 1), as a felony.

4) Where the person is not in lawful possession of the firearm, as defined in this section, or the person is within a class of persons prohibited from possessing or acquiring a firearm pursuant to Section 12021 or 12021.1 of this code or Section 8100 or 8103 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, as a felony punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 11(70.

(5) Where the person has been convicted of a crime against a person or property, or of a narcotics or dangerous drug violation, by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170, or by imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.

(6) By imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170, or by imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment if both of the following conditions are met:

(A) Both the pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person and the unexpended ammunition capable of being discharged from that firearm are either in the immediate possession of the person or readily accessible to that person, or the pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person is loaded as defined in subdivision (g) of Section 12031.

(B) The person is not listed with the Department of Justice pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 11106, as the registered owner of that pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person.

(7) In all cases other than those specified in paragraphs (1) to (6), inclusive, by imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.

(c) A peace officer may arrest a person for a violation of paragraph (6) of subdivision (b) if the peace officer has probable cause to believe that the person is not listed with the Department of Justice pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 11106 as the registered owner of the pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person, and one or more of the conditions in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (6) of subdivision (b) is met.

(d) (1) Every person convicted under this section who previously has been convicted of a misdemeanor offense enumerated in Section 12001.6 shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for at least three months and not exceeding six months, or, if granted probation, or if the execution or imposition of sentence is suspended, it shall be a condition thereof that he or she be imprisoned in a county jail for at least three months.

(2) Every person convicted under this section who has previously been convicted of any felony, or of any crime made punishable by this chapter, if probation is granted, or if the execution or imposition of sentence is suspended, it shall be a condition thereof that he or she be imprisoned in a county jail for not less than three months.

(e) The court shall apply the three-month minimum sentence as specified in subdivision (d), except in unusual cases where the interests of justice would best be served by granting probation or suspending the imposition or execution of sentence without the minimum imprisonment required in subdivision (d) or by granting probation or suspending the imposition or execution of sentence with conditions other than those set forth in subdivision (d), in which case, the court shall specify on the record and shall enter on the minutes the circumstances indicating that the interests of justice would best be served by that disposition.

(f) Firearms carried openly in belt holsters are not concealed within the meaning of this section.

(g) For purposes of this section, "lawful possession of the firearm" means that the person who has possession or custody of the firearm either lawfully owns the firearm or has the permission of the lawful owner or a person who otherwise has apparent authority to possess or have custody of the firearm. A person who takes a firearm without the permission of the lawful owner or without the permission of a person who has lawful custody of the firearm does not have lawful possession of the firearm.

(h) (1) The district attorney of each county shall submit annually a report on or before June 30, to the Attorney General consisting of profiles by race, age, gender, and ethnicity of any person charged with a felony or a misdemeanor under this section and any other offense charged in the same complaint, indictment, or information.

(2) The Attorney General shall submit annually, a report on or before December 31, to the Legislature compiling all of the reports submitted pursuant to paragraph (1).

(3) This subdivision shall remain operative until January 1, 2005, and as of that date shall be repealed.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
basically I can legally own it even with my previous felony conviction. I just cannot carry it in public. Is that correct?
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Unfortunately, no. The part I just underlined "Section 12021" are convicted felons.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

You cannot have it at all.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

This is according to the CA Attorney General. Here is the gun handbook: http://ag.ca.gov/firearms/forms/pdf/Cfl2006.pdf

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Two attorney websites and a bail bond site say the same thing.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

The Attorney Generals handbook clarifies this.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Do you want me to opt out to see if another expert can give you advice?

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Well damn, I'm screwed no matter what I do...
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

Sorry.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Are you in any way not sure about this?
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

I just spent an hour researching this. I am sure. However, you have the option of checking with another expert. I will opt out. I would rather you be satisfied with our service.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
It appears that the part of the law you referenced has to do with actual firearms carrying and such, as far as the part regarding flare guns
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
12025 has to do with firearms whitch flare guns are not
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

This is the definition of "Carrying a Concealed firearm":

Penal Code 25400 PC reads: "A person is guilty of carrying a concealed firearm when the person does any of the following: (1) Carries concealed within any vehicle that is under the person's control or direction any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. (2) Carries concealed upon the person any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person. (3) Causes to be carried concealed within any vehicle in which the person is an occupant any pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon the person."

A boat is a vehicle.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: Colleen Grady, Attorney and Counselor at Law replied 1 year ago

I will opt out so another expert can help you. I am sure of my response but I want you to have the support you need.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Okay I get that. But is it legal to in my home? I guess I can't keep one in my boat. What about just having one then?
Criminal Lawyer: CalAttorney2, Attorney replied 1 year ago
CalAttorney2
CalAttorney2, Attorney
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 10,244
Experience: Civil litigation attorney for individuals and businesses.
Verified

Dear Customer,

Thank you for using our forum. My name is***** am another expert on the forum.

The prior expert told you what I suspect you probably already knew - California law prohibits felons from purchasing, carrying, or owning, firearms, including flare guns.

The expert's answer was extremely detailed and provided you with the appropriate statutes to support the answer. I understand being very frustrated with this situation, but we can only provide you with the information, and it would be a great disservice to you if any of the experts on this site told you differently only to make you happy (trying to explain to a judge that you had a flare gun because somebody online said it was "okay" is not going to get you out of trouble).

I would suggest other tools for distress signals (emergency mirrors, radio beacons, etc.) that can be used in the event of an emergency that will not cause you problems as alternatives to a flare gun which can.

I do wish there was a different answer for you, and I could commiserate with you about the unfairness of the way in which the statute is written or interpreted - but not placing yourself back in prison is probably much better than carrying around a device that may or may not be useful to you, and for which there are alternative emergency devices on the market.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Well the thing is that everything that I was told from the first lawyer, is all geared around carrying actual FIREARMS whitch the other person responded in her first answer as saying flare guns are not considered to be weapons since they are not designed as such. SECOND SHE WROTE THAT IT WAS LEGAL TO STORE FLARE GUNS ABOARD BOATS EITHER LOADED OR UNLOADED. All the rest is all geared towards carrying concealed in public. Carrying on a boat seems ok then as long as I don't have it on my body
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Do you see my points here?
Criminal Lawyer: CalAttorney2, Attorney replied 1 year ago

She was trying to give you very detailed legal authority for her answer (she did not want to give you an "off the cuff" answer saying you just can't carry it). To do this she had to cite from two separate legal sources, the first was from the Attorney General's handbook which defined flare guns, but also noted they were subject to prohibitions of the penal code (which eliminates your right to carry them anywhere).

So, I do understand where there may have been a miscommunication between the two of you earlier (she was trying to be very very detailed (and if she was writing a legal argument for another lawyer, it would have been entirely convincing), but if you are reading the above citations as a lay person, it may not be as clear (the two reference one another, but it is not as direct).

But bot***** *****ne - you cannot carry a flare gun, doing so can place you back in prison.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Criminal Lawyer: CalAttorney2, Attorney replied 1 year ago

(And when I say "carry" - I mean both on your person and in your vehicle/home/boat/RV/segway/etc.)

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
Okay I understand let me just ask one thing about this...
Is it legal to have one in my home?
Not carrying it anywhere, just possessing it alright?
Customer reply replied 1 year ago
no I don't want to go back to prison already been there twice.
Criminal Lawyer: CalAttorney2, Attorney replied 1 year ago

No, you cannot have one in your home.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Ask CalAttorney2 Your Own Question
CalAttorney2
CalAttorney2
CalAttorney2, Attorney
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 10,244
10,244 Satisfied Customers
Experience: Civil litigation attorney for individuals and businesses.

CalAttorney2 is online now

A new question is answered every 9 seconds

How JustAnswer works:

  • Ask an ExpertExperts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional AnswerVia email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction GuaranteeRate the answer you receive.

JustAnswer in the News:

Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.

What Customers are Saying:

Your Expert advise has provided insight on a difficult situation. Thank you so much for the prompt response. I will definitely recommend your website to my friends.

NormaPensacola, FL

Mr. Kaplun clearly had an exceptional understanding of the issue and was able to explain it concisely. I would recommend JustAnswer to anyone. Great service that lives up to its promises!

Gary B.Edmond, OK

My Expert was fast and seemed to have the answer to my taser question at the tips of her fingers. Communication was excellent. I left feeling confident in her answer.

EricRedwood City, CA

I am very pleased with JustAnswer as a place to go for divorce or criminal law knowledge and insight.

MichaelWichita, KS

PaulMJD helped me with questions I had regarding an urgent legal matter. His answers were excellent.

Three H.Houston, TX

Anne was extremely helpful. Her information put me in the right direction for action that kept me legal, possible saving me a ton of money in the future. Thank you again, Anne!!

ElaineAtlanta, GA

It worked great. I had the facts and I presented them to my ex-landlord and she folded and returned my deposit. The 50 bucks I spent with you solved my problem.

TonyApopka, FL

< Previous | Next >

Meet the Experts:

Ely

Ely

Counselor at Law

3,175 satisfied customers

Private practice with focus on family, criminal, PI, consumer protection, and business consultation.

P. Simmons

P. Simmons

Lawyer

2,014 satisfied customers

16 yrs. of experience including criminal law.

LawTalk

LawTalk

Lawyer

1,815 satisfied customers

30 years legal experience

RobertJDFL

RobertJDFL

Lawyer

1,812 satisfied customers

Experienced in multiple areas of the law.

Nate

Nate

Lawyer

1,736 satisfied customers

Over 10 years of criminal defense practice.

Marsha411JD

Marsha411JD

Lawyer

1,623 satisfied customers

Licensed attorney with 29 yrs. exp. in criminal law

AttorneyTom

AttorneyTom

Lawyer

1,242 satisfied customers

Attorney

< Previous | Next >

Related Criminal Law Questions
My friend has a previous gun charge it was a misdemeanor but
My friend has a previous gun charge it was a misdemeanor but now is being charged with aggravated assault … read more
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Juris Doctorate
1,342 satisfied customers
I was arrested for Obstruction of Justice and Assult. The
I was arrested for Obstruction of Justice and Assult. The scenario is this: I work for a construction company and we were staying at a motel. Me and some of my coworkers went to Taco Bell for Dinner. … read more
MShore Law
MShore Law
Doctoral Degree
1,233 satisfied customers
I am in court for criminal mistief in the state of indiana
i am in court for criminal mistief in the state of indiana marion county. I am illeged to break a windo . I am being charged with a felony because the total cost is said to be over 2500 dollars. I wan… read more
MShore Law
MShore Law
Doctoral Degree
1,233 satisfied customers
Person pulled over in dui traffic stop - no probable cause -
person pulled over in dui traffic stop - no probable cause - while pulled over sheriff saw he had active warrant out of state so he is in custody for his out of state warrants—BUT no charges are fille… read more
Barrister
Barrister
Attorney/Landlord/Realtor
Doctoral Degree
34,659 satisfied customers
I live in Michigan. Can I file a criminal complaint for
I live in Michigan. Can I file a criminal complaint for usury? I was charged 60% interest on a 20k personal loan from a private individual. During a court hearing in which the plaintive was sueing me … read more
Thelawman2
Thelawman2
Doctoral Degree
1,240 satisfied customers
In criminal law, if someone is awaiting sentencing of a
Second opinion] In criminal law, if someone is awaiting sentencing of a Federal Felony and I have evidence that should be considered by the sentencing Judge, how can one ensure the evidence is brought… read more
James Daloisio
James Daloisio
Attorney
Doctoral Degree
59 satisfied customers
If police search me without probable cause, will whatever
If police search me without probable cause, will whatever they find still be used against me?… read more
N Cal Atty
N Cal Atty
Doctoral Degree
59 satisfied customers
Is it not uncommon for criminal court judges or their
Is it not uncommon for criminal court judges or their court's administration (e.g. bailiffs) to manipulate the only clock on the wall in the courtroom (e.g. set it purposely ahead of or behind the act… read more
PaulmoJD
PaulmoJD
Attorney At Law
Doctoral Degree
106 satisfied customers
I had a criminal court hearing and was sentenced, but was
I had a criminal court hearing and was sentenced, but was never sworn in can this be thrown out… read more
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Juris Doctorate
1,342 satisfied customers
Just wanted to know if using my name in a justice court
Just wanted to know if using my Nick name in a justice court would make a difference I been going by my nickname k name my entire life I won the civil suit in court but then she tries to tell the judg… read more
Zoey, JD
Zoey, JD
Doctoral Degree
175 satisfied customers
Can someone own a BB gun co2 air gun while a restraining
Can someone own a BB gun co2 air gun while a restraining order case is open in state of Florida?… read more
Ray
Ray
Lawyer
Doctoral Degree
30,244 satisfied customers
I have court tomorrow because a bail bonds is taking me to
Hi, I have court tomorrow because a bail bonds is taking me to court because I did not read the fine print. My attorney said not all bail bonds do that. My previous employer owes me 10,000 dollars unp… read more
Legal Eagle
Legal Eagle
Attorney
Doctoral Degree
5,959 satisfied customers
Have previous criminal record in NM with deferred sentence
Have previous criminal record in NM with deferred sentence for soliciting a prostitute in 1998. Would like to have this record sealed or "expunged " . Was told I could apply to court to have this done… read more
Ely
Ely
Counselor at Law
Juris Doctor
3,175 satisfied customers
I was turned down for a gun purchase for a misdemeanor I had
I was turned down for a gun purchase for a misdemeanor I had 22 years ago. I had a 242 pc and a 12031(a). I noticed that I didnt meet the criteria for 12031(a) as I was pulled over with a loaded gun i… read more
Thelawman2
Thelawman2
Doctoral Degree
1,240 satisfied customers
I need a criminal justice lawyer knowledgeable on advocacy
I need a criminal justice lawyer knowledgeable on advocacy for substance abuse crimes … read more
Zoey, JD
Zoey, JD
Doctoral Degree
175 satisfied customers
Is the filing of a criminal complaint defamation if the
Is the filing of a criminal complaint defamation if the prosecutor decides not to press charges against the person who was named in the criminal complaint? Also considering that the criminal complaint… read more
Zoey, JD
Zoey, JD
Doctoral Degree
175 satisfied customers
Is the smell of marijuana in a vehicle probable cause for a
Is the smell of marijuana in a vehicle probable cause for a search in the state of Massachusetts?… read more
Zoey, JD
Zoey, JD
Doctoral Degree
175 satisfied customers
In the criminal justice arena there are different sentencing
In the criminal justice arena there are different sentencing schemes. They are determinant, indeterminate, and mixed sentencing (a combination of the first two). I'd like to know which states use whic… read more
Legal Eagle
Legal Eagle
Attorney
Doctoral Degree
5,959 satisfied customers

DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.

The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).

DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.

The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).

Show MoreShow Less

Ask Your Question

x