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How long does State of Indiana have to file for or notify of

there intent to forfeit a...
How long does State of Indiana have to file for or notify of there intent to forfeit a vehicle? And can they forfeit a vehicle if no charges are pending with the state?
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Answered in 21 minutes by:
10/27/2013
Law Educator, Esq.
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 119,555
Experience: Attorney with over 20 years law enforcement, prosecution, civil rights and defense experience
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Thank you for your question. I look forward to working with you to provide you the information you are seeking for educational purposes only.

You can see IN code requires they seek forfeiture within 30 days of getting notice from someone who claims ownership or 180 days from seizure.

See: IC 34-24-2-4
Seizure of property subject to forfeiture; requisites; custody; limitation of actions
Sec. 4. (a) Property subject to forfeiture under this chapter shall be seized by a law enforcement officer upon court order. Seizure may

be made without a court order only if:
(1) the seizure is incident to a lawful arrest or search, or to an inspection under an administrative inspection warrant; or
(2) the property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the state in a forfeiture proceeding under this chapter (or IC 34-4-30.5 before its repeal).
(b) When property is seized under subsection (a), pending forfeiture and final disposition, the law enforcement officer making the seizure may:
(1) place the property under seal;
(2) remove the property to a place designated by the court; or
(3) require another agency authorized by law to take custody of the property and remove it to an appropriate location.
(c) Property seized under subsection (a) (or IC 34-4-30.5-4(a) before its repeal) is not subject to replevin, but is considered to be in the custody of the law enforcement officer making the seizure, subject only to order of the court. However, if a seizure of property is made in accordance with subsection (a), the prosecuting attorney or the inspector general shall bring an action for forfeiture under section 2 of this chapter within:
(1) thirty (30) days after receiving notice from any person claiming a right, title, or interest in the property; or
(2) one hundred eighty (180) days after the property is seized;
whichever occurs first.
(d) If an action under subsection (c) is not filed within thirty (30) days after receiving notice from any person claiming a right, title, or interest in the property, the claimant:
(1) is entitled to file a complaint seeking:
(A) replevin;
(B) foreclosure; or
(C) other appropriate remedy; and
(2) shall immediately obtain a hearing on the complaint as provided in subsection (f).
If an action is not filed within one hundred eighty (180) days after the date of the seizure, and the property has not been previously released to an innocent person under section 5 of this chapter (or IC 34-4-30.5-4.5 before its repeal), the law enforcement agency whose officer made the seizure shall return the property to its owner.
(e) If property is seized under subsection (a) (or IC 34-4-30.5-4(a) before its repeal) and the property is a vehicle or real property, the prosecuting attorney or the inspector general shall serve, within thirty (30) days after the date the property is seized and as provided by the Indiana Rules of Trial Procedure, notice of seizure upon each person whose right, title, or interest is of record in the bureau of motor vehicles, in the county recorder's office, or other office authorized to receive or record vehicle or real property ownership interests.
(f) The person whose right, title, or interest is of record may at any time file a complaint seeking:
(1) replevin;
(2) foreclosure; or


(3) another appropriate remedy;
to which the state may answer in forfeiture within the appropriate statutory period. The court shall promptly set the matter for a hearing, and in the case of replevin or foreclosure, the court shall set the hearing as provided by the applicable statutory provisions
.

The above statute also tells you that you can proceed to court to get a hearing for release and that is what you need to have your attorney do next.




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Law Educator, Esq.
Category: Criminal Law
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Experience: Attorney with over 20 years law enforcement, prosecution, civil rights and defense experience
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