The judge imposes terms of probation. The probation officer makes sure that the probationer follows the terms of probation as set forth by the judge.
In Arizona, there is a statute that sets forth the Uniform Conditions of Supervised Probation that judges use. Along with the "standard" probationary conditions, the judge may also impose additional conditions, but must do so in writing and with the reason for imposing the additional condition.
Employment is a standard condition of probation. Below is a link to the Uniform Conditions of Supervised Probation and the form that judges use when placing a person on probation. Page 2 provides the actual form.
The probation officer can bring the fact that your sister has not obtained employment (as mandated by the judge) to the judge's attention. A hearing will be held to determine whether your sister is in violation of probation, and if so, what the penalty will be. The judge COULD put your sister back in jail for the balance of the time set forth by the judge in the original sentence
For your information, below is a link to the statute that sets forth the powers and duties of a probation officer.http://www.azcourts.gov/Portals/0/admcode/pdfcurrentcode/6-105_Amended_3-11-10.pdf
Your sister should be seeking employment on a daily basis AND making copies of any applications that she fills out for employment. It shouldn't matter if the employment is part time or full time, so long as she is employed. If your sister can show the probation officer and/or the judge that she is actively seeking employment (eg. by showing copies of applications that were filled out, or when and where she went seeking employment).
If your sister can go to school for a trade or other licensed profession, and show proof of the classes, it MAY replace the employment requirement. However, that will be up to the judge.
So, in summary, the probation officer can seek to violate your sister's probation. If your sister is found guilty of the violation, the probation officer can ask the judge to place her into a half way house. Even if your sister is complying with all of the other terms of her probation, she can still be violated for not being employed.
Your sister may wish to contact an attorney who specializes in criminal law. Sometimes, an initial consultation is free or at a minimal charge. She can discuss the specific facts of her case, evaluate her options and decide how to proceed.
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