11. Which of the following must a law enforcement official show to get a search warrant?
A. Reasonable suspicion
B. A reasonable expectation of privacy
C. A preponderance of the evidence
D. Probable cause
12. What is “essentially the carrying out of the command or commands appearing on the
face of the warrant itself”?
A. Service of process
B. Application for a search warrant
C. An arrest
D. The execution
13. Which of the following laws allows the seizure of items during a warranted covert
A. USA Patriot Act C. Black’s Law
B. Federal Rules of Criminal
Procedure D. FISC
14. Which Supreme Court
case specifically dealt with the issue of a false statement
deliberately included in an affidavit?
A. New Jersey v. T.L.O.
B. Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents
C. Chandler v. Miller
D. Franks v. Delaware
15. The United States Supreme Court provided the definition of an arrest in which of the
A. Sibron v. New York C. California v. Hodari
B. Michigan v. Long D. Florida v. Wells
16. To engage in a stop-and-frisk, a law enforcement officer needs
A. evidence beyond a reasonable doubt.
B. reasonable suspicion.
C. preponderance of the evidence.
D. probable cause.
17. In _______, the Supreme Court reaffirmed that a pretextual stop of a vehicle when
the officer has probable cause that a traffic violation has been committed doesn’t violate
the Fourth Amendment.
A. Peters v. New York C. Terry v. Ohio
B. Wrehn v. U.S. D. State v. Perez
18. A police officer’s display of a badge doesn’t change an encounter otherwise lacking in
coercion into a seizure under
A. United States v. Riis. C. State v. Lemus.
B. United States v. Lucas. D. United States v. Drayton.
19. In evaluating whether or not there has been a valid stop, courts consider
A. only show of authority.
B. only display of a badge.
C. age and gender.
D. the totality of the circumstances.
20. A twenty-minute detention of a driver was approved by the Supreme Court in
A. Terry v. Ohio. C. United States v. Sharpe.
B. United States v. Holzman. D. United States v. Mesa.