Criminal Law

Criminal Law Questions? Ask a Criminal Lawyer.

Ask a Lawyer,
Get an Answer ASAP!

Criminal Law

What is the punishment in PA for check forgery?

Customer Question
What is the punishment in...

What is the punishment in PA for check forgery? It was a first time offense and no criminal history. I was told by an employer to write a check but afterwards the employer said he didn't say to do it. It's been 2.5 years and now the employer is pressing charges.

Submitted: 6 years ago.Category: Criminal Law
Show More
Show Less
Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Answered in 41 minutes by:
4/2/2011
Criminal Lawyer: Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor replied 6 years ago
Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 28,091
Experience: Admitted to NYS Criminal defense bar in 1989. Extensive arraignment, hearing, trial experience.
Verified

If the DA prosecutes for a forged signature on a check, since this is an instrument of currency, it would appear to be a felony in the second degree which has a maximum penalty of ten years of prison and a $25,000 fine. You can see the Pennsylvania forgery statute here. The DA can also prosecute this under the Pennsylvania bad check law if it fits the facts and circumstances of the case, and which has substantially less serious penalties depending upon the size of the bad check that was passed. A violation of this statute could be anything from a summary offense on up to a felony of the third degree: (max of 7 years and $15,000 fine).

As a general rule, non-violent offenses of this sort usually result in a probation offer. The victim will want restitution, and it's in his interest if the defendant is allowed to stay at liberty and earn an income so that the proceeds can be paid back. Of course, if the defendant did not commit a forgery, he may want to fight the case. One way or the other, he will need a criminal lawyer to advise him so that he knows the consequences of any offer and the strengths and weaknesses of his case so that he can make an intelligent decision on how to proceed with it. If he can afford counsel, he should bring a lawyer with him to his first court date. If not, he should plead not guilty at his arraignment and ask the judge to appoint him a public defender.

Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 28,091
Experience: Admitted to NYS Criminal defense bar in 1989. Extensive arraignment, hearing, trial experience.
Verified
Zoey_ JD and 87 other Criminal Law Specialists are ready to help you
Ask your own question now
Customer reply replied 6 years ago

The amount of the check was $600. I was told that I would get a bail amount upon surrender. Is there a statute of limitations for this type of situation? It was 2 years in October but it was just brought to me this past week that the old employer is pressing charges.
Also I just had a baby 3 weeks ago and both she and I are still under doctor’s care. Will I be left in jail or be able to go home to her and my 14 month old son?
It's upsetting that someone tells me to do something but then fires me and denies he said to do it and now my life may be ruined forever by him.

Criminal Lawyer: Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor replied 6 years ago

Please talk to a local lawyer, if you have one, before you put yourself through a voluntary surrender. I would not be able to say whether or not the police are just trying to set you up.
The statute of limitations is 2 years from the incident (or when the incident should have first become known) on a forgery, 3 on a felony fraud. It is 2 years on a misdemeanor. So this case could possibly be dismissible.

Regarding the police, one of two things are going on here: they haven't had enough evidence to bring you in for two years, but they want to get this old file off their desk and are hoping to get you to walk in and give them enough information so that they can prosecute, or ; 2) they are giving you a break because they know you have just had a baby and are letting you know in advance that you're going to be arrested so that you can make temporary child care arrangements until you can get bailed out.

Your lawyer can reach out and try to find out what's really going on and if you'll have to actually turn yourself in. If you do, your lawyer may also be able to work out the terms of your surrender so that you are processed through the system and brought before the judge for bail to be set, as quickly as possible.

If you can't afford a lawyer, the public defender's office will frequently pitch in with a jam like this, particularly when the defendant is likely to be assigned a public defense lawyer anyway. So give them a call if necessary.

If you do just surrender and, for whatever reason, cannot first speak to a lawyer then do not answer any questions about what you did or didn't do. Anything you say can be used against you and next thing you know you'll be signing a confession. If the police start questioning you about the forgery, tell them you want to wait to speak to a lawyer before making a statement about this matter to the authorities.

Good luck!

Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 28,091
Experience: Admitted to NYS Criminal defense bar in 1989. Extensive arraignment, hearing, trial experience.
Verified
Zoey_ JD and 87 other Criminal Law Specialists are ready to help you
Ask your own question now
Customer reply replied 6 years ago

I spoke with them right after it first happened. They had me write everything down and sign it then. The trooper said she tried to close this but the guy would not drop charges. She also said that her boss would not dismiss it and put a warrant out for my arrest. I was told that they would not be coming to arrest me and that I had to come in myself.

Criminal Lawyer: Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor replied 6 years ago

I'm sorry to hear that at one point you signed a statement. For future reference (even when you think you are helping yourself) you never have to cooperate in an investigation when you're a suspect, and it's always a bad idea to do it. Even if you didn't say anything particularly harmful in that statement, it can still cause difficulties because you've given away your defense to the other side before the case even starts.

I'm still not sure whether the police are trying to be fair to you by giving you enough notice to get your kids taken care of and to surrender on your schedule and not theirs or whether they are just trying to close out their old file. I find it very interesting that they have told you that if you don't come in voluntarily, they are not going to come and take you in.

So again, contact a lawyer, like I said before. Apart from being able to get a better idea of what's really going on, if you do have to surrender, your lawyer may even be able to give you an idea of what bail is likely to be so that you can have it set aside and someone can post it on your behalf at their earliest possible chance.

Ask Your Own Criminal Law Question
Ask Zoey_ JD Your Own Question
Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD, JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor
Category: Criminal Law
Satisfied Customers: 28,091
28,091 Satisfied Customers
Experience: Admitted to NYS Criminal defense bar in 1989. Extensive arraignment, hearing, trial experience.

Zoey_ JD is online now

A new question is answered every 9 seconds

How JustAnswer works:

  • Ask an ExpertExperts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional AnswerVia email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction GuaranteeRate the answer you receive.

JustAnswer in the News:

Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.

What Customers are Saying:

Your Expert advise has provided insight on a difficult situation. Thank you so much for the prompt response. I will definitely recommend your website to my friends.

NormaPensacola, FL

Mr. Kaplun clearly had an exceptional understanding of the issue and was able to explain it concisely. I would recommend JustAnswer to anyone. Great service that lives up to its promises!

Gary B.Edmond, OK

My Expert was fast and seemed to have the answer to my taser question at the tips of her fingers. Communication was excellent. I left feeling confident in her answer.

EricRedwood City, CA

I am very pleased with JustAnswer as a place to go for divorce or criminal law knowledge and insight.

MichaelWichita, KS

PaulMJD helped me with questions I had regarding an urgent legal matter. His answers were excellent.

Three H.Houston, TX

Anne was extremely helpful. Her information put me in the right direction for action that kept me legal, possible saving me a ton of money in the future. Thank you again, Anne!!

ElaineAtlanta, GA

It worked great. I had the facts and I presented them to my ex-landlord and she folded and returned my deposit. The 50 bucks I spent with you solved my problem.

TonyApopka, FL

< Previous | Next >

Meet the Experts:

Ely

Ely

Counselor at Law

3,175 satisfied customers

Private practice with focus on family, criminal, PI, consumer protection, and business consultation.

P. Simmons

P. Simmons

Lawyer

2,014 satisfied customers

16 yrs. of experience including criminal law.

LawTalk

LawTalk

Lawyer

1,815 satisfied customers

30 years legal experience

RobertJDFL

RobertJDFL

Lawyer

1,812 satisfied customers

Experienced in multiple areas of the law.

Nate

Nate

Lawyer

1,736 satisfied customers

Over 10 years of criminal defense practice.

Marsha411JD

Marsha411JD

Lawyer

1,623 satisfied customers

Licensed attorney with 29 yrs. exp. in criminal law

AttorneyTom

AttorneyTom

Lawyer

1,242 satisfied customers

Attorney

< Previous | Next >

Related Criminal Law Questions
It appears that I have a "pending" criminal case that was
It appears that I have a "pending" criminal case that was referred to the leavinworth KS day have not been questioned about the matter I don't love in KS and when I called the prosecutor they tell me … read more
Barrister
Barrister
Attorney/Landlord/Realtor
Doctoral Degree
34,659 satisfied customers
With no previous criminal record what is the possible
With no previous criminal record what is the possible penalty for a charge of misuse of communication devices that include harrasment and 1 possible threat. I live in Westland Michigan… read more
AttorneyTom
AttorneyTom
Lawyer
Juris Doctor, BSBA
1,242 satisfied customers
If someone has both a civil and a criminal restraining order
If someone has both a civil and a criminal restraining order against me, and I want to report criminal behavior on their part, can I be prosecuted for harassment? For instance, he is a 3rd grade teach… read more
N Cal Atty
N Cal Atty
Doctoral Degree
59 satisfied customers
My son is the county jail accuse of stalking a criminal
my son is the county jail accuse of stalking a criminal threat. He state that he is inocent. Authorities state the have phone records. The bails is $200k. He will be seeing the judge on tomorrow for t… read more
Ely
Ely
Counselor at Law
Juris Doctor
3,175 satisfied customers
My criminal case was dismissed without prejudice for
My criminal case was dismissed without prejudice for sexual aggravated assault on a child,case could not be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.can this case be brought back to court and long will it sta… read more
WiseOwl58
WiseOwl58
JD Honors Graduate
3,514 satisfied customers
I am in court for criminal mistief in the state of indiana
i am in court for criminal mistief in the state of indiana marion county. I am illeged to break a windo . I am being charged with a felony because the total cost is said to be over 2500 dollars. I wan… read more
MShore Law
MShore Law
Doctoral Degree
1,233 satisfied customers
I am a defendant in a criminal matter in state. Unaware of
I am a defendant in a criminal matter in Washington state. Unaware of his status as being the prosecuter handling my case (until I was his name signed at the bottom of my plea bargain), the prosecutin… read more
James Daloisio
James Daloisio
Attorney
Doctoral Degree
59 satisfied customers
My question involves criminal law for the state of: No
My question involves criminal law for the state of: No specific state, I guess it would be more federal based.I am wondering if it is legal to have in your possession a drug that is not scheduled or p… read more
Ely
Ely
Counselor at Law
Juris Doctor
3,175 satisfied customers
In a criminal case that is being plea bargained what does it
in a criminal case that is being plea bargained what does it mean when it is said allegation K5 in count 1 when the count 1 is hs11379(A)… read more
lucy7368
lucy7368
Juris Doctor
763 satisfied customers
Can i be charged with criminal damage for breaking something
can i be charged with criminal damage for breaking something i own valued at less than 10$ also is the disorderly conduct charge for the same act appropriate this happend in my own home before police … read more
Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD
JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor
28,091 satisfied customers
In criminal law, if someone is awaiting sentencing of a
Second opinion] In criminal law, if someone is awaiting sentencing of a Federal Felony and I have evidence that should be considered by the sentencing Judge, how can one ensure the evidence is brought… read more
James Daloisio
James Daloisio
Attorney
Doctoral Degree
59 satisfied customers
I HAVE A CRIMINAL QUESTION. CALIF BUT TO YOUR STATE. NO IT'S
I HAVE A CRIMINAL QUESTION JA: In what state did this occur? Customer: CALIF BUT I'M COMING TO YOUR STATE JA: Have you talked to a lawyer yet? Customer: NO IT'S ABOUT REGISTRATION JA: Anything else yo… read more
David C. Garner
David C. Garner
Attorney
Post-Doctoral Degree
889 satisfied customers
I have a question about procedure in criminal court in
I have a question about procedure in criminal court in Texas; specifically if there is any way to request a pretrial hearing prior to indicment of a felony … read more
Ray
Ray
Lawyer
Doctoral Degree
30,244 satisfied customers
My brother was arrested and charged with a criminal offense.
My brother was arrested and charged with a criminal offense. He was release on bail with three stipulations. no guns, no bullets, no contact with alleged victim. … read more
Zoey_ JD
Zoey_ JD
JustAnswer Criminal Law Mentor
28,091 satisfied customers
Is it not uncommon for criminal court judges or their
Is it not uncommon for criminal court judges or their court's administration (e.g. bailiffs) to manipulate the only clock on the wall in the courtroom (e.g. set it purposely ahead of or behind the act… read more
PaulmoJD
PaulmoJD
Attorney At Law
Doctoral Degree
106 satisfied customers
I had a criminal court hearing and was sentenced, but was
I had a criminal court hearing and was sentenced, but was never sworn in can this be thrown out… read more
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Juris Doctorate
1,342 satisfied customers
Not sure it is criminal. I was scammed in early April & gave
Not sure it is criminal. I was scammed in early April & gave scammer remote access to myPC my fault. The next day I realized, went to the bank and closed my accounts, 4 days later, my old ***** ***** … read more
Ely
Ely
Counselor at Law
Juris Doctor
3,175 satisfied customers
It's a criminal law question It's a criminal law question.
It's a criminal law question It's a criminal law question … read more
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Nisha Jones, Esq.
Juris Doctorate
1,342 satisfied customers

DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.

The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).

DISCLAIMER: Answers from Experts on JustAnswer are not substitutes for the advice of an attorney. JustAnswer is a public forum and questions and responses are not private or confidential or protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Expert above is not your attorney, and the response above is not legal advice. You should not read this response to propose specific action or address specific circumstances, but only to give you a sense of general principles of law that might affect the situation you describe. Application of these general principles to particular circumstances must be done by a lawyer who has spoken with you in confidence, learned all relevant information, and explored various options. Before acting on these general principles, you should hire a lawyer licensed to practice law in the jurisdiction to which your question pertains.

The responses above are from individual Experts, not JustAnswer. The site and services are provided “as is”. To view the verified credential of an Expert, click on the “Verified” symbol in the Expert’s profile. This site is not for emergency questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals. Please carefully read the Terms of Service (last updated February 8, 2012).

Show MoreShow Less

Ask Your Question

x