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Thats sort of a grey area. While technically you do need a google account to edit the documents.. To simply view the document and download it you dont need a google account.
if you set the folder or file to anyone with a link can view it ( but you only send the link to just one person ) Then only that one person would be able to view the file ( without a google account ) unless you or the other person shared that link..
Heres how to make that change
To change the settings, open your document in google drive and click Share on the top right. Under the section titled “Specific people can access,” click Change.
In the Sharing Settings dialog, choose Anyone with the link. Then at the bottom of the dialog, under access, click Can view
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