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I have a 98 Chevy Tahoe. Wont start when its cold. I can…

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I have a 98 Chevy...
I have a 98 Chevy Tahoe. Won't start when it's cold. I can get it started by pouring gas into the intake. Engine will start ok when it's warm. I've changed the plugs, wires, cap and rotor. Fuel pressure checks good 58 psi. After engine starts fuel pressure is good and engine has plenty of power. Fuel injector balance checked good, pressure... Read full answer
I have a 98 Chevy Tahoe. Won't start when it's cold. I can get it started by pouring gas into the intake. Engine will start ok when it's warm. I've changed the plugs, wires, cap and rotor. Fuel pressure checks good 58 psi. After engine starts fuel pressure is good and engine has plenty of power. Fuel injector balance checked good, pressure dropped 10-12 psi with a 5 mil ses, 100 pulse. Compression checked good. Coolant temp sensor shows right temp 89 deg. Throttle Position Sensor reads correctly 0 at idle and 100 at wide open transitions are smooth.
Submitted: 9 years ago.Category: Car
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Answered in 8 minutes by:
6/24/2010
Auto Mechanic: Tim's Auto Repair, Mechanic replied 9 years ago
Tim's Auto Repair
Category: Car
Satisfied Customers: 16,696
Experience: Have owned a repair shop for 25 yrs.
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check the fuel pressure when the engine is cold and turning the starter..these must have no less than 60psi...i would think the fuel pump is pulling too many amps and it will not have the 60psi it needs to start when cold...i would think you need a new pump

thanks

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fuel pressure

Testing and Inspection

 

Diagnostic Chart
Diagnostic Chart
Diagnostic Chart
Diagnostic Chart
Diagnostic Chart
Diagnostic Chart
Description

Circuit Description

When you turn ON the ignition switch, the Vehicle Control Module (VCM) turns ON the in-tank fuel pump. The pump remains ON as long as the engine is cranking or running and the VCM is receiving reference pulses. If there are no reference pulses, the VCM shuts the fuel pump OFF within 2 seconds after you turn the ON the ignition or if the engine stops.

An electric fuel pump pumps the fuel through an in-line filter to the Central SFI unit. The pump is attached to the fuel level meter assembly inside of the fuel tank. The pump is designed in order to provide fuel at a pressure above the regulated pressure needed by the injectors. The pressure regulator keeps the fuel available to the injector at a regulated pressure. Unused fuel is returned to the fuel tank by a separate line.

Diagnostic Aids

Tools Required

 

  • J 34730-E Fuel Pressure Gauge.
  • J 34730-1A Fuel Pressure Gauge with J 34730-250 Fuel Pressure Adapter Kit.
  • d 42873-1 3/8 Fuel Feed Pipe Shutoff Valve and the J 42873-2 5/16 Fuel Return Pipe Shutoff Valve.

Test Description

The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.

  1. Wrap a shop towel around the fuel pressure connection to absorb any small amount of fuel leakage that may occur when installing the fuel pressure gauge. Turn ON the ignition leaving the engine OFF, the fuel pressure should be 415-455 kPa (60-66 psi). This pressure is controlled by a spring pressure within the regulator assembly.
  1. The fuel pressure that continues to fall is caused by one of the following items:
    • The in-tank modular fuel sender is not holding pressure.
    • The fuel pressure regulator valve is leaking.
    • A Central SFI injector is leaking.
    • Fuel line is leaking.
  1. When the engine is idling, the manifold pressure is low (high vacuum) and is applied to the fuel pressure regulator diaphragm. This will offset the spring and result in a lower fuel pressure. This idle pressure will vary somewhat depending on the barometric pressure; however, the pressure at idle should be less indicating the pressure regulator control.
  1. If the fuel pressure is less than 415 kPa (60 psi), it falls into the following 3 areas:
    • The pressure is regulated but less than 415 kPa (60 psi).The amount of fuel reaching the injector is sufficient, but the pressure is too low. The system will run lean, hard starting cold, no start, overall poor performance, and may set a DTC.
    • A restricted flow causing pressure drop-Normally, a vehicle with a fuel pressure of less than 300 kPa (44 psi) at idle is inoperable. However, it the pressure drop occurs only while driving, the engine will normally surge then stop running as the pressure begins to drop rapidly. This is most likely caused by a restricted fuel line or plugged filter.
    • A leaking or contaminated pressure regulator valve or seat interface may not allow the regulated pressure to be achieved.

Notice: Do not allow the fuel pressure to exceed 517 kPa (75 psi). Excessive pressure may damage the fuel pressure regulator.

  1. Restricting the fuel return line allows the fuel pressure to build above regulated pressure. With the battery voltage applied to the fuel pump test terminal, the pressure should rise above 455 kPa (66 psi), as the valve in the return line is partially closed.
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