Car

Ask a Mechanic Online and Get Answers to Your Car Questions

Ask an Expert,
Get an Answer ASAP!

Car

Kia rio: front wheel bearings..i need special tools

Customer Question
how do i replace the...
how do i replace the front wheel bearings on a kia rio ? do i need special tools?
Submitted: 9 years ago.Category: Car
Show More
Show Less
Ask Your Own Car Question
Answered in 16 minutes by:
4/22/2008
Auto Mechanic: Eric, Automotive Repair Shop Manager replied 9 years ago
Eric
Eric, Automotive Repair Shop Manager
Category: Car
Satisfied Customers: 33,206
Experience: Automotive Repair Shop Manager, Technician/JA Mentor
Verified

Hi,

Here are full factory service manual directions(special tools needed-slide hammer w/axle puller, bearing and race installer, torque wrench) :

Rio [BC] > 2001 > Engine > 1.5 DOHC
REMOVAL
1.Raise the front of the vehicle and support it with a safety stands.
2.Remove the wheel.
3.Raise the nut tab and remove the driveshaft locknut. Discard the locknut, regardless of condition.
Use care not to damage the groove and threads in the driveshaft end.
When loosening the nut, lock the hub by applying the brakes.

4.Remove the cotter pin and the tie rod end attaching nut. Discard the cotter pin, regardless of condition.
5.Separate the tie-rod end from the knuckle with the SST.
If it is difficult to separate, hit the knuckle with a hammer.

6.Remove the caliper assembly from the knuckle. Do not allow the caliper to hang freely by its flexible hose. Suspend the assembly by rope or wire from the Macpherson strut.

7.Remove the ABS speed sensor and the wheel speed sensor #(RH side).

8.Remove the disc rotor.
9.Remove the clamp bolt and nut. Push the lower arm downward to separate the knuckle and the ball-joint.
10.Remove the bolts and nuts which couple the knuckle and the shock absorber.

11.Separate the front hub and the knuckle from the driveshaft.

INSTALLATION
1.Mount the front hub and knuckle to the driveshaft.
2.Mount the knuckle to the lower arm ball-joint and to the shock absorber.
3.Tighten the mounting bolts and nuts.

Tightening torque :Knuckle to shock absorber 76~90 lb·ft (103~122 N·m, 10.5~12.5 kg·m)knuckle to lower arm ball-joint 40~50 lb·ft (54~68 N·m, 5.5~6.9 kg·m)

4.Install the disc rotor.

Tightening torque : 7.2~10.8 lb·ft (9.8~14.7 N·m, 1.0~1.5 kg·m)

5.Install the disc brake caliper assembly.

Tightening torque : 29~36 lb·ft (39~49 N·m, 4.0~5.0 kg·m)

6.Position the caliper hose in the strut routing bracket and install the retaining clip.
7.Use a new driveshaft lock nut, tighten it to the specified torque and stake it securely into the groove.

Tightening torque : 116~174 lb·ft (157~235 N·m, 16.0~24.0 kg·m)

1)Do not use a sharp edge tool for staking. If the nut cracks even slightly during staking, replace it with another new one.
2)Check that the wheel hub turns freely by hand.

8.Install the tie-rod end to the knuckle and tighten the nut.

Tightening torque : 32~41 lb·-ft (47~52 N·m, 3.8~5.3 kg·m)

Use a new cotter pin.
9.Install a new cotter pin through the tie rod end attaching nut and the tie rod ball stud. If the openings in the nut and the hole in the tie rod ball stud fail to line up, tighten the nut slightly just to the point of alignment. Never loosen the nut.

Tightening torque : 65~87 lb·ft (88~118 N·m, 9.0~12.0 kg·m)

10.Install the ABS speed sensor and the wheel speed sensor.

Tightening torque : 6~8 lb·ft (8~12 N·m, 0.8~1.2 kg·m)

11.Install the wheel and tighten the wheel lug bolts.
REASSEMBLY
FRONT HUB/KNUCKLE
1)Do not remove the dust cover unless necessary for repairs.
2)Do not confuse the inner bearing with the outer bearing.
COMPONENT

REASSEMBLY
WHEEL BEARING PRELOAD
If the bearings or knuckle have been replaced, the bearing preload must be checked before assembly. If necessary, refer to the procedure in this Section.
1.If the dust shield was removed, install a new one by using the Dust Shield Replacer or equivalent.

2.Install the bearing races in the steering knuckle.

3.Pack the bearings with the Lubricant lithium grease. Pack the hub area as shown in the figure.

4.Place the inner bearing into the steering knuckle bore so that it rests in a level position.

5.Lubricate the lip of the new inner oil seal. Apply a sufficient amount of lubricate to the cutting parts along the edge of seal lip.

6.Install the new inner oil seal in the bore.

7.Place the original bearing preload spacer, or the spacer selected from the bearing preload check procedure in the steering knuckle bore.
8.Position the outer bearing in the steering knuckle bore.
9.Lubricate the lip of a new outer oil seal.
10.Install the new outer oil seal in the steering knuckle bore.
11.Install the knuckle assembly.
12.Use the SST and position the wheel hub assembly in the steering knuckle bore.

DISASSEMBLY
FRONT HUB/KNUCKLE
1.Remove the knuckle assembly.
2.Remove the wheel hub assembly by using the SST.

3.Remove the outer bearing, outer oil seal, outer bearing race and spacer from the wheel hub by using the SST.
Hold the hub to prevent it from falling.

4.Discard the oil seal, regardless of condition.
5.Disassemble the knuckle assembly.
Remove the race gradually and carefully.
6.Remove the oil seal (inner) with a screwdriver.
7.Remove the wheel bearing (inner).
8.Remove the bearing race (inner) with the SST and a hammer.
Tap on the bearing race (inner) only.

Do not remove the dust cover if it is not necessary. Do not reuse the dust cover if it is removed once.
9.Mark the dust cover and knuckle for the proper reassembly.
10.Remove the dust cover with a chisel.

INSPECTION
FRONT HUB/KNUCKLE
1.Wash the disassembled parts before inspecting. Replace any damaged parts. Minor rust should be removed with a fine sandpaper.

Inspect for :
2.Abnormal wear, damage or seizure of bearing.
Replace the bearing as a set (inner and outer races).
3.Cracks or damage of the knuckle. Scoring or rust of the bearing bore.
4.Damaged dust cover or poor fit with knuckle.
5.Cracks or damage of the hub. Scoring or rust of the bearing bore. Wear at the oil seal contact surface.

ADJUSTMENT
WHEEL BEARING PRELOAD
1.Insert the two wheel bearings and removed spacer into the steering knuckle and attach the SST.
2.Secure the bottom of the SST.

3.Tighten the nut of the SST to the specified torque.

Tightening torque : 116~173 lb·ft (157~235 N·m, 16~24 kg·m)

When tightening, tighten it with 49 N·m (5 kg-m, 36 lb-ft) step by step to prevent applying the excessive preload.

4.Rotate the steering knuckle to seat the wheel bearings.
5.Measure the wheel bearing preload with the SST and a pull scale.

Wheel bearing preload : 2.17~10.41 lb·in (0.25~1.17 N·m, 2.5~12 kg·cm)0.55~2.64 lb (2.5~11.7 N, 0.25~1.2kg)(pull scale reading)

6.If the preload is not within the specification, select the proper spacer from the table to adjust it.
Increase the spacer thickness to reduce the preload and decrease it to increase the preload.When a spacer is changed by 1 rank, the preload changes 0.2 to 0.4 N.m (2.0~4.0 kg·cm, 1.7~3.5 lb·in)The rank marking is stamped on the outer periphery of the spacer.
MarkThickness (in (mm))MarkThickness (in (mm))
10.2474 (6.285)120.2648 (6.725)
20.2490 (6.325)130.2663 (6.765)
30.2506 (6.365)140.2679 (6.805)
40.2522 (6.405)150.2695 (6.845)
50.2538 (6.445)160.2711 (6.885)
60.2554 (6.485)170.2726 (6.925)
70.2570 (6.525)180.2742 (6.965)
80.2585 (6.565)190.2758 (7.005)
90.2600 (6.605)200.2774 (7.045)
100.2616 (6.645)210.2789 (7.085)
110.2631 (6.685)

7.Remove the SST. Wheel bearing (outer & inner), oil seal (outer), and spacer
Completely fill the shaded area shown in the figure with a lithium grease.

Ask Your Own Car Question
Ask Eric Your Own Question
Eric
Eric
Eric, Automotive Repair Shop Manager
Category: Car
Satisfied Customers: 33,206
33,206 Satisfied Customers
Experience: Automotive Repair Shop Manager, Technician/JA Mentor

Eric is online now

A new question is answered every 9 seconds

How JustAnswer works:

  • Ask an ExpertExperts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional AnswerVia email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction GuaranteeRate the answer you receive.

JustAnswer in the News:

Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.

What Customers are Saying:

I would (and have) recommend your site to others I was quite satisfied with the quality of the information received, the professional with whom I interacted, and the quick response time. Thanks, and be sure that I'll be back whenever I need a question answered in a hurry.

Stephanie PElm City, NC

used your service this weekend with "Trecers" help. thank you ,thank you, thank you. replaced an A/C fan motor. Local Auto Zone had part. $15.00 "tracer" fee and $40.00 for parts, I saved several hundreds of dollers at a shop. i will recommend you and use you in the future.

David L.Richmond, TX

9 dollars, 2 hours of my time, and I drove away. Your diagnosis was right on the mark. Thank you so much.

PhilMarysville, CA

Lurch. Thank you very much. I had real doubts about this website but your promptness of response, quick followup and to the point answer with picture was incredible.

CharlesWalnut Creek, CA

As a single woman, I really appreciate an excellent and affordable opinion.
Thank you Geordie, I will not hesitate to contact justanswer in the future!

SueCharleston, WV

Another great insight to what may be the problem. I will have my mechanic take a look at it tomorrow. Thanks again, Frank...you do indeed know your stuff.

JimCastleberry, FL

The nearest Volvo dealer is 160 miles away. Best $15 bucks I have spent in a long time!

Paul MCorpus Christi, TX

< Previous | Next >

Meet the Experts:

Chris (aka-Moose)

Chris (aka-Moose)

Technician

1,243 satisfied customers

16 years of experience

Ted G.

Ted G.

ASE Certified Technician

1,724 satisfied customers

20 years auto repair experience, ASE Master Tech, Mechanical Failure consultant, Expert Witness

George H.

George H.

ASE Certified Technician

1,537 satisfied customers

ASE Master Tech 15+ yrs, AAS Automotive Technology, Factory trained Asian specialist

GM Tech (Cam)

GM Tech (Cam)

Auto Service Tech

669 satisfied customers

GM Grand Master Technician 2007. 14 years experience.

Amedee

Amedee

Former ASE Master Tech

2,520 satisfied customers

ASE certified tech advanced level specialist. Wisconsin certified emissions state inspector

Jerry

Jerry

Master Mechanic

2,181 satisfied customers

ASE master, 30+ years. All makes and models. Trouble shooter, shop forman, service manager

Richard

Richard

ASE Certified Technician

1,000 satisfied customers

12 years Ford Lincoln/Mercury Jaguar dealership as a technician and shop foreman reparing all makes

< Previous | Next >

Related Car Questions
Car coolant temp fluctuates between low and normal. Just
car coolant temp fluctuates between low and normal … read more
tim37857
tim37857
Mechanic
High School or GED
71 satisfied customers
2005 range rover hse no heat left side. 2006 range rover
I had an diagnostic done defective motor, estimated repair 2600 dollars… read more
Pete
Pete
Independent Auto Technician
Vocational, Technical or Trade Scho
138 satisfied customers
My signals my dashboard for the heat control and radio and
My signals my dashboard for the heat control and radio and my brake ABS lights are on don't know what the problem is … read more
Stephen, MBA
Stephen, MBA
Master's Degree
166 satisfied customers
My jeep will not just turns over Ithink ithas no spark. 1994
my jeep will not just turns over Ithink ithas no spark … read more
Edward Clayton
Edward Clayton
Associate Degree
1,033 satisfied customers
Just came home from work and my car alarm has gone of 3
just came home from work and my car alarm has gone of 3 times. I have check all the passenger doors and they are closed. My hood is not locking or unlocking by latch and it does not fit as snug as it … read more
vwtech0405
vwtech0405
VW Technician
Associate Degree
8,868 satisfied customers
What causes my 2006 saturn vue's dashboard lights,
what causes my 2006 saturn vue's dashboard lights, headlights and power steering to go crazy on cold mornings and days, but works fine after warming up? Thanks! … read more
Toyota Service
Toyota Service
Toyota Dealership Service & CR Manager
1,344 satisfied customers
I need a throttle linkage rod for 1997 dodge also a fuel
I need a throttle linkage rod for 1997 dodge also a fuel tank sensor … read more
kwiggins29059
kwiggins29059
Associate Degree
219 satisfied customers
I have a 2004 Suzuki Vitara V-6, 4 wheel drive. The timing
I have a 2004 Suzuki Vitara V-6, ***** The timing chain broke last week and i have been told that I need an engine. That if the timing chain broke, it causes the heads to warp and that it need 3 chain… read more
Mechanic01
Mechanic01
1,716 satisfied customers
I just purchased a 2005 Scion xA w/114k miles from a private
Hi, my name is***** just purchased a 2005 Scion xA w/114k miles from a private party. Love the car but around town, the fuel economy is terrible - 10 mpg, and I'm just putting - no drag racing. Over t… read more
vwtech0405
vwtech0405
VW Technician
Associate Degree
8,868 satisfied customers
2008 HUMMER H2.....WON'T SHIFT OUT OF PARK! NOT SURE ABOUT
HI! 2008 HUMMER H2.....WON'T SHIFT OUT OF PARK! JA: Do you have brake lights? Have any trouble codes popped up? Customer: NOT SURE ABOUT THE BRAKE LIGHTS.....NO CDES JA: Are you fixing your H2 yoursel… read more
Jaybird61
Jaybird61
Master Automotive Mechanic
2,232 satisfied customers
Cranks but will not start. It's a 2005 Isuzu diesel. Npr.
Yes cracked injector line crank it over fuel Runs Out … read more
Matt
Matt
Engineer
Bachelor\u0027s Degree
5 satisfied customers
We have a 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee with 66k miles on it. We
We have a 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokee with 66k miles on it. We bought it used from a reputable dealer but are now out of warranty. We suspect that we are hearing a hydrolic lifter tick. Several mechanics… read more
vwtech0405
vwtech0405
VW Technician
Associate Degree
8,868 satisfied customers
I have a 2004 Nissan Murano SE. Alternator went bad, was
I have a 2004 Nissan Murano SE. Alternator went bad, was replaced, AWD dash light came on, AWD switch doesn't work. Dealer is saying $300 to diagnose, no telling how much to fix. … read more
Mechanic01
Mechanic01
1,716 satisfied customers
I have a Kenwood DPX500BT in a car I bought used. I have two
Hello: I have a Kenwood DPX500BT in a car I bought used. I have two problems. 1) Occasionally the radio will stop working completely -- screen is dark. I check the fuse and it's okay. I reinstall the … read more
sprinkles08
sprinkles08
Technician
High School or GED
11 satisfied customers
I have a 2008 GMC acadia the fuel pump does not come on and
i have a 2008 GMC acadia the fuel pump does not come on and it will not turn over nor do nothing … read more
Amedee
Amedee
Former ASE Master Tech
Vocational, Technical or Trade Scho
2,520 satisfied customers
Removing the r/rear outer door handle 2016 bentley. 4 door
removing the r/rear outer door handle 2016 bentley … read more
Chris (aka-Moose)
Chris (aka-Moose)
Technician
Vocational, Technical or Trade School
1,243 satisfied customers
Where are Toyotas currently made? in the US or in Japan? Are
where are Toyotas currently made? in the US or in Japan? Are the parts made in Japan and then assembled in the US? Reason for question, worried about getting exposed to radiation from Japanese manufac… read more
Toyota Service
Toyota Service
Toyota Dealership Service & CR Manager
1,344 satisfied customers
2013 kia rio with 29000 miles. po54a obd trouble code for
2013 kia rio with 29000 miles. po54a obd trouble code for 3rd time this week. 1st time I visited dealership and they said it could be oil pressure problem or the vvt has worn and needs replacement. Th… read more
sprinkles08
sprinkles08
Technician
High School or GED
11 satisfied customers
Disclaimer: Information in questions, answers, and other posts on this site ("Posts") comes from individual users, not JustAnswer; JustAnswer is not responsible for Posts. Posts are for general information, are not intended to substitute for informed professional advice (medical, legal, veterinary, financial, etc.), or to establish a professional-client relationship. The site and services are provided "as is" with no warranty or representations by JustAnswer regarding the qualifications of Experts. To see what credentials have been verified by a third-party service, please click on the "Verified" symbol in some Experts' profiles. JustAnswer is not intended or designed for EMERGENCY questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals.

Disclaimer: Information in questions, answers, and other posts on this site ("Posts") comes from individual users, not JustAnswer; JustAnswer is not responsible for Posts. Posts are for general information, are not intended to substitute for informed professional advice (medical, legal, veterinary, financial, etc.), or to establish a professional-client relationship. The site and services are provided "as is" with no warranty or representations by JustAnswer regarding the qualifications of Experts. To see what credentials have been verified by a third-party service, please click on the "Verified" symbol in some Experts' profiles. JustAnswer is not intended or designed for EMERGENCY questions which should be directed immediately by telephone or in-person to qualified professionals.

Show MoreShow Less

Ask Your Question

x