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SusanAthena, Master's Degree
Category: Calculus and Above
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The first few eulerian catalan numbers, beginning with

Customer Question

The first few eulerian catalan numbers, beginning with EC_0=1, are 1,2,22,604,31238. Show that EC_n=2A(2n,n+1), where Ec_n is any integers. The eulerian catalan number is ***** by EC_n=A(2n+1, n+1)/(n+1). Also show that EC_n is the number of permutations
w=a_1a_2...a_{2n+1} with n descents, such that every left factor has at least as many ascents as descents. For n=1 we are counting the two permutations 132 and 231.
Submitted: 1 year ago.
Category: Calculus and Above
Expert:  Ashok Kumar replied 1 year ago.

Kindly forward soft copy/scan of this problem as it is is not clear.

Expert:  Dr Arthur Rubin replied 1 year ago.

Thank you for originally requesting me.

I don't know if a copy/scan would help; please define A(n,m). I know C(n,m)....

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
A(n,m) is the number of permutations w in Sn with exactly m-1 descents.
Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Is this helpful?
Expert:  Dr Arthur Rubin replied 1 year ago.

I can only refer you to published (or semi-published, such as arXiv) papers. I can't really explain the proof in my own words. As per our code of conduct, I cannot take credit for that, so I'll have to decline to answer.

Customer: replied 1 year ago.
Can you send me that paper?
Expert:  Dr Arthur Rubin replied 1 year ago.

According to OEIS, it is:

Hoda Bidkhori, Seth Sullivant, Eulerian-Catalan Numbers, arXiv:1101.1108, Jan 05 2011.