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What are the possible causes of a P0300 code in 1996 Cadillac Seville?

Customer Question
What are the possible causes...
What are the possible causes of a P0300 code?
Submitted: 8 years ago.Category: Cadillac
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Answered in 3 minutes by:
4/23/2009
Cadillac Mechanic: MPMoore, ASE MASTER W/L1 GM WORLD CLASS TECH replied 8 years ago
MPMoore
MPMoore, ASE MASTER W/L1 GM WORLD CLASS TECH
Category: Cadillac
Satisfied Customers: 2,956
Experience: GM TRAINED WORLD CLASS, GM TECH SINCE 1997
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What is the year, make and model?

What size engine?

How many miles on the car/truck?

Any additonal info is great, hope we can help you.Smile
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Customer reply replied 8 years ago
1996 Cadillac Seville STS 32V Northstar (4.6 I Guess), approx. 184K Mi.
Cadillac Mechanic: MPMoore, ASE MASTER W/L1 GM WORLD CLASS TECH replied 8 years ago
The dtc p0300 is a radom mis-fire detected. There are many issues that could cause this concern. Most common would be spark plugs and wires. A bad coil will also cause this issue. If this is the only code stored, it may be just that easy.
Other causes could be the engine is running lean, such as a vacuum leak in the intake. Also low fuel pressure or a injector that is dirty or going bad. A clogged catalytic converter may also cause a mis-fire condition.
Do you have any issues when driving, under accel, loss of power? Does the check engine light come on and stay on, or does it flash?


DTC P0300 Engine Misfire Detected

Object Number: 13012  Size: LF
Click here for detailed picture of above image.

Circuit Description

This diagnostic test is used to detect misfires in any cylinder. A misfire occurs when there is a complete lack of or poor combustion in the cylinder. A misfire will cause a fluctuation in crankshaft revolution speed. The PCM uses the time between 4X reference pulses to determine when these fluctuations occur. At lower engine speeds, fluctuations in crankshaft speed are measured each reference pulse to detect misfire. At higher engine speeds, fluctuations in crankshaft speed are monitored over two engine revolutions and fluctuations in crankshaft speed at each half revolution are compared to compute a balance number. The 4X reference pulses originate in the ignition control module and vary with RPM.

Conditions for Setting the DTC

Test Conditions

DTC(s) P0101, P0102, P0103, P0107, P0108, P0112, P0113, P0117, P0118, P0122, P0123, P0340 and P0502 are not current or have not set since last key ON.
Coolant is between -7°C (19°F) and 128°C (262°F).
Engine speed running for at least 3.19 seconds.
Engine speed is less than 6375 rpm.
Traction control is not present.
Cylinder shut down is not present
Ignition voltage is between 9 and 16 volts.
Throttle angle 0.3 degrees or more.
Vehicle speed is less than 45 mph.
During a 12.5 millisecond time period throttle angle stays between 0.6 and 1 degrees.
During a 100 millisecond time period throttle angle stays between 0.96 and 1.28 degrees.
Delta MAP diagnostic not in progress.
Number of consecutive positive delta revolution mode indexes less than 20.
Number of consecutive negative delta revolution mode indexes less than 20.
A/C compressor clutch has not changed states in the last 100 milliseconds.
Slip speed is at least -64 rpm.
18 engine cycles have occurred since any of above conditions and were not met.
Rough road indication is not considered present.
16 engine cycles have occurred since power-up.
16 engine cycles have occurred since both the reference mode and revolution mode were disabled.
8 engine cycles have occurred since a CAM error, or an ignition system error.
Diagnostic tool not connected.
10 engine cycles have occurred since desired torque less than 95.3%.

Failure Condition

A misfire has been detected.

Action Taken When the DTC Sets

The PCM will turn on the SERVICE ENGINE SOON MIL under the following conditions.

Impending catalytic converter damage
- If a cylinder misfires at a sufficiently high rate for at least 200 engine revolutions, a catalytic converter damaging misfire level is considered present and the Service Engine Soon MIL will flash until the catalyst damaging condition is no longer present, at which time the MIL will remain on steady.
- Disable TCC if either the number of emission misfires or number of catalyst damaging misfires exceeds 2.
Excessive exhaust emissions
- If a cylinder misfires 15 times in 200 revolutions for 5 out of 16 200 revolution tests in each of two consecutive trips (engine run cycles which meet specific criteria), an excessive exhaust emissions condition is considered present and the Service Engine Soon MIL will be turned on.
- Disable TCC if either the number of emission misfires or number of catalyst damaging misfires exceeds 2.

PCM turns ON the ENGINE MISFIRE message.

The PCM will record operating conditions at the time the DTC sets. This information will be stored in the Freeze Frame and Failure Records.

Conditions for Clearing the MIL/DTC


The PCM will turn the MIL OFF after three consecutive drive trips within the same driving parameters that set the DTC and the diagnostic runs and does not fail.
A Last Test Failed (current) DTC will clear when the diagnostic runs and does not fail.
A History DTC will clear after eighty drive cycles within the same driving parameters that set the DTC with no failures of any emission related diagnostic test.
Use a scan tool to clear DTCs.
Interrupting PCM battery voltage may or may not clear DTCs. This practice is not recommended. Refer to Clearing Diagnostic Trouble Codes in PCM Description and Operation.

Diagnostic Aids

If more than one cylinder showed a history of misfire, look for something in common between the cylinders such as, shared coil, etc. If only one cylinder showed a history of misfire look for a possible vacuum leak at that cylinder, etc.
If fault cannot be duplicated, wet secondary ignition system and operate vehicle under conditions that the DTC set.
It is possible to set DTC P0300 if the vehicle has run out of or is very low on fuel.
To quickly determine the cylinder(s) that are misfiring, use the scan tool and observe Misfiring Cyl. in the Misfire data list. This will display the primary and secondary misfiring cylinders.
Due to the potentially destructive nature that engine misfire has on the exhaust catalyst always check for proper catalytic converter operation after a misfire has been repaired. This can be accomplished in the following ways:
- Drive the vehicle under the Test Conditions for DTC P0420 and ensure that the DTC runs and passes.
- In IM240 areas (or those properly equipped) perform the Catalytic Converter Service Bay Test.

Test Description

Number(s) below refer to the step number(s) on the Diagnostic Table.

  1. If other DTCs are set, diagnose them first because other problems may be causing the misfire.

  2. Checking if multiple cylinders are misfiring. If there is a single cylinder misfiring, the diagnosis is much easier.

  3. Checking for causes of a single cylinder misfire.

Step

Action

Value(s)

Yes

No

1

Was the Powertrain On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) System Check performed?

--

Go to Step 2

Go to A Powertrain On Board Diagnostic (OBD) System Check

2

  1. Connect a scan tool.
  2. Turn the key ON.

Are any other DTCs set?

--

Go to DTCs that are set

Go to Step 3

3

  1. Start and idle the engine.
  2. Observe the Misfire Cur. counters in the misfire data list (there are 8 counters, 1 for every cylinder).

Are any of the counters incrementing?

--

Go to Step 4

Go to Step 15

4

  1. Turn the Ignition to OFF.
  2. Connect spark tester J 26792, to the ignition wire(s) that indicated a misfire.
  3. Ground the companion cylinder(s) plug wire.
  4. Idle the engine.

Does spark jump the tester gap and is spark consistent?

--

Go to Step 5

Go to Step 9

5

  1. Turn the key to OFF.
  2. Remove spark plugs from the cylinder(s) that showed a misfire.

If the Injector Coil Test Procedure finds no fault, review diagnostic aids and refer to Engine Mechanical for diagnosis.

Do the spark plugs appear to be okay or are only gas fouled (not oil or coolant fouled)?

--

Refer to Fuel Injector Coil Test

Go to Step 6

6

Are the spark plugs oil or coolant fouled?

--

Refer to Engine Mechanical for diagnosis

Go to Step 7

7

Do the spark plugs show any signs of being cracked, worn or improperly gapped?

--

Go to Step 8

Refer to Fuel Injector Coil Test

8

Replace or re-gap spark plugs.

Is the repair complete?

--

Go to Powertrain Control Module Diagnosis for Verify Repair

--

9

  1. Turn the key to OFF.
  2. Using DMM J 39200, measure the resistance of each plug wire which had an intermittent or weak spark or did not fire the spark tester.

Is the wire resistance less than the value shown?

15K ohms

Go to Step 10

Go to Step 13

10

Remove the affected coil(s).

Is the coil free of carbon tracking?

--

Go to Step 11

Go to Step 12

11

  1. Switch position of the coils at the problem cylinder.
  2. Idle the engine.

Does spark jump the tester gap and is spark consistent?

--

Go to Step 12

Go to Step 14

12

  1. Turn the key to OFF.
  2. Replace the faulty ignition coil.
  3. Replace any wires that show carbon tracking or damage.

Is the repair complete?

--

Go to Powertrain Control Module Diagnosis for Verify Repair

--

13

Replace the faulty wires.

Is the repair complete?

--

Go to Powertrain Control Module Diagnosis for Verify Repair

--

14

Replace the Ignition Control Module. Refer to Ignition Control Module Replacement (Assembly) .

Is the repair complete?

--

Go to Powertrain Control Module Diagnosis for Verify Repair

--

15

  1. Turn the key ON, engine OFF.
  2. Review the DTC P0300 snapshot data.
  3. Check the conditions that the vehicle was operating under when the DTC set.
  4. Start and operate vehicle under conditions noted.
  5. Observe the Misfire Cur. counters in the misfire data list (there are 8 counters, 1 for every cylinder).

Are any of the counters incrementing?

--

Go to Step 4

Go to Step 16

16

  1. Turn the key ON, engine OFF.
  2. Observe the Misfire Hist. counters in the misfire data list (there are 8 counters, 1 for every cylinder).

Do more than 3 cylinders show a high misfire rate?

--

Go to Step 18

Go to Step 17

17

  1. Record the cylinder numbers that show a higher number of misfire.
  2. Check the affected cylinders for damaged or high resistance plug wires, vacuum leaks, damaged spark plugs, etc.

Did any of the checks require a repair?

--

Go to Powertrain Control Module Diagnosis for Verify Repair

Refer to Diagnostic Aids

18

Check the vehicle for proper vent operation, vacuum leaks or an intermittent rich or lean condition.

Did any of the checks require a repair?

--

Go to Powertrain Control Module Diagnosis for Verify Repair

Refer to Diagnostic Aids



MPMoore
MPMoore, ASE MASTER W/L1 GM WORLD CLASS TECH
Category: Cadillac
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Customer reply replied 8 years ago
I thought I already accepted the answer, as it was my intention.Let me try it again.
Cadillac Mechanic: MPMoore, ASE MASTER W/L1 GM WORLD CLASS TECH replied 8 years ago
The answer has been accepted, thanks for using just answer.
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Customer reply replied 8 years ago
I need to know if my payment of $9.00 was accepted. I got an e-mail that said MPMoore was waiting for payment. Let me know please.
Thanks.
Cadillac Mechanic: MPMoore, ASE MASTER W/L1 GM WORLD CLASS TECH replied 8 years ago
I have received payment from trhe web-site, I am not sure if the web-site has received the money from you. As far as I concern, everything is done.
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