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Congratulations on your first wedding anniversary. I am very sorry to hear about your troubles at work and can certainly understand why you want to leave.
Typically when an employee resigns, they will be disqualified from receiving unemployment benefits. This is because one of the requirements for receiving benefits is that the claimant be unemployed "through no fault of their own." When an individual resigns, they are generally regarded as unemployed "through fault," since they made the voluntary decision to become unemployed.
The law does recognize some limited exceptions to this general rule, and one such exception pertains to severe workplace harassment. However, this exception is narrowly tailored and probably would not apply under the circumstances you have described. The exception, codified at Title 22, Section 1256-23(f), provides:"A claimant who leaves work due to mere annoyance with or a general dislike to another employee or his or her supervisor leaves without good cause. A claimant leaves with good cause if he or she leaves work due to a course of conduct by another employee or his or her supervisor which subjects the claimant to continued abuse, endangers the claimant's health or safety by such conduct as actual or threatened violence or acts affecting the claimant's mental well-being, causes demands for an unreasonable quantity of work to be produced by the claimant, or unreasonably discriminates against the claimant."
In its "Benefits Determination Guide," the EDD gives some examples of what does and does not satify this standard here: http://www.edd.ca.gov/uibdg/Voluntary_Quit_VQ_440.htm#CoworkersandManagement
As the linked cases should illustrate, ordinary insults, disrespectful or rude behavior, and simple "poor management" usually do not rise to the necessary level to find "good cause" to quit, thus preserving entitlement to benefits. Of the three referenced cases, the only one in which "good cause" to quit was found involved an instance of physical violation (granted, only a shove).
I can also tell you from personal experience that the EDD is highly skeptical of UI claims in which the claimant quit and, statistically speaking, they generally are not granted.
You can, of course, quit and try to make the argument that you are entitled to benefits under Section 1256-23(f). But you should be prepared for the very real possibility that you will be out of a job and without any financial means of supporting yourself when your benefits claim is denied. Only you can decide whether you are so unhappy at your present job that this is a risk worth assuming. The better course of action, most likely, would likely be to immediately start looking for a new job and remain employed until you find one.
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