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An employee is entitled to payment of his or her final wages immediately upon termination. (Labor Code 201) Failure to immediately pay a departing employee's final wages will typically result in the assessment of a penalty in the amount of the employee's daily rate of pay for each day the wages go unpaid up to 30 days.
So for example, if an employee who makes $100 a day is terminated on on the first of the month but not paid his final wages until the 20th, he would be entitled to a $2,000 penalty from his employer in addition to the earned wages.
Since your last day of employment was the 19th, you would be entitled to penalties for each day up to the 29th. That claim can be pursued through the Department of Labor Standards Enforcement at no cost to you. To file a wage claim with the DLSE, visit this link: http://www.dir.ca.gov/dlse/howtofilewageclaim.htm
With regard to termination or resignation, it is clear that your separation of employment was still a resignation, as you were the party that initiated the break.
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