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Generally, even the contractor is not responsible for any injuries of a subcontractor in California, unless the contractor took affirmative steps which led to the injury of the subcontractor. Consequently, you would be generally protected from injury claims from the subcontractor. The only possible exception may be if you were to take affirmative steps which led to the injury of the subcontractor or if you were aware of dangers at a worksite and failed to notify the contractor/subcontractor. To absolutely protect yourself, you should ask the contractor whether he has received any insurance endorsements from the subcontractor.
The bond does not protect you from accidents. The bond is used as a guaranty the work will comply with construction requirements. The insurance is what protects against accidents. However, you would generally not be liable for accidents that occur on the worksite unless you do something negligent yourself.