How JustAnswer Works:
  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site. Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.
Ask socrateaser Your Own Question
socrateaser, Attorney
Category: Business Law
Satisfied Customers: 39169
Experience:  Retired (mostly)
Type Your Business Law Question Here...
socrateaser is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

BACKGROUND I have been helping a friend work on a book. Most

This answer was rated:

BACKGROUND: I have been helping a friend work on a book. Most of our business arrangement was worked out verbally - the part of the arrangement that is in writing pertains to a percentage of revenues (should she sell the book) and name credits (co-published by, edited by). This document is in the form of a PDF signed only by me. There is a gmail email trail of most of the conversation that formed this "agreement" - but again, no signed contract. Moreover, I did not commit to financial responsibility for printing the book.

ACTION: The project ended up a mess - she rushed, I missed details, the book went to print with horrible typos. She paid for the printing - about $1,100. Now she's threatening to take me to small claims to recoup the money she spent (saying that the book is worthless and I'm responsible).

Where there is no written contract, the parties are entitled to try to prove the terms of the contract in court. Where no terms can be ascertained directly from the evidence, the court can "imply" the existence of a contract from the parties' respective conduct.


Your stated facts could indicate that you were merely the editor and publisher of the other party's book, or that the two of you were partners with a joint interest in the outcome of the work, and joint liability for the costs.


If you were merely an editor/publisher, then your obligation would be to do a competent job -- in which case, your errors could be viewed as negligence and you could be held liable for the resulting losses that would be required from having to produce a second printing after re-editing the project.


Conversely, if you are partners, then you would have a claim against your partner for one half of the printing costs, and joint liability for any errors in the printing.


A third theory would be that you never agreed to edit, but only to publish the book, so the typos are not your responsibility at all.


The first of the above-described theories would leave you liable for the entire cost of the printing, the second for one half, and the third for nothing. Which one you should use to defend yourself depends entirely on the virtual "paper trail" that you've described. You need to examine that trail objectively and pretend that you are the judge, you know nothing about the parties before you, and then try to decide from what you have, which theory is the most likely.


This is what the judge will do, and it will give you the best answer about how to potentially settle the matter before court and how to set forth your argument to the judge, if you cannot resolve your dispute before trial.


Hope this helps.


Terms and Conditions: By your continuing in this conversation with me, or by your clicking “Accept”, you are expressly agreeing to all of the following: (1) our communication is for entertainment purposes only; (2) you are not consulting me in my professional capacity as an attorney; (3) you do not seek to establish an attorney-client relationship with me, nor do I with you; (4) you will not rely on anything I say and you will obtain appropriate legal counsel via a traditional/office consultation with an attorney licensed to practice in the jurisdiction where your legal issue arises (and you may not use our communication to avoid taxpayer penalties imposed by the U.S. Dept. of Treasury); (5) by communicating with me in this public forum you are irrevocably waiving any right to privacy, confidentiality and attorney-client privilege concerning the matters discussed. You further separately declare that any payment made by you is not consideration for this contract, nor offered for any services rendered by me on your behalf, but rather is made in genuine admiration and respect for my desire to help others. If you do not agree with these terms and conditions, then you must advise me immediately.

Customer: replied 8 years ago.
The percentage issue... the commitment was for me to take a 15% share of revenue. Is that a factor?

Everything is a factor, because the contract is up in the air.


A 15% commission could indicte that you are a partner with a right to 15%, however general partners are jointly and severally/separately liable for the entire partnership debt, making such an agreement poor proof of a partnership.


It could indicate that you were an agent, which would be bad for you, because an agency makes you a fiduciary with a duty to act in the highest and best interests of your principal (although, so does a partnership).


It could simply be an arm's length transaction, with you as editor/publisher, and your compensation tied to revenue. This analysis could make you liable for the typos and thus the $1,100.00. Your better argument is that your work was marketing related and that you were not hired to edit. That's the only way to absolutely avoid any liability.



Customer: replied 8 years ago.
Thank you for all your answers - I think they will help me frame my next actions. One last question -

She actually has denied that we ever discussed my being a "co-publisher" - I have this in writing from her. I'm also contemplating that I want my name removed as "editor."
From your answers, it seems that the first part (not being a co-publisher) works to my advantage. Moreover, if I can reduce my responsibility further (e.g., not being listed as "editor") and getting her to accept in writing. Correct?

Looks like a good plan to me.

socrateaser and 3 other Business Law Specialists are ready to help you
Customer: replied 8 years ago.
Thank you.