Business and Finance Homework
1. The following balance sheet information (in $ millions)
comes from the Annual Report...
1. The following balance sheet information (in $ millions) comes from the Annual Report to Shareholders of Marriott International Inc. for the 2008 fiscal year. (Certain amount have been replaced with question marks to test your understanding of balance sheets.) In addition, you’re provided with
The following information from an analysis of Marriott’s financial
position at the same date:
Current ratio = 1.3296486
Acid-test ratio = 0.407422
Debt-to-equity ratio = 5.4514493
Compute the missing amounts (rounded to the nearest $ in millions) in the Marriott balance sheet.
Cash and equivalents $134
Accounts and notes receivable ?
Total current assets ?
Property and equipment, net $1,443)
Intangible assets, net ?)
Notes and other receivables, net 988)
Total non-current assets ?
Total assets ?
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Accounts payable $704
Accrued payroll and benefits 633
Other payables and accruals 1,196
Total current liabilities 2,533
Long-term debt ?)
Other long-term liabilities 2,015)
Total long-term liabilities ?
Total liabilities ?
Class A common stock 5)
Additional paid-in capital 3,590)
Retained earnings 3,565)
Treasury stock and other (5,780)
Total shareholders’ equity 1,380
Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $8,903
2. The following information is provided in the 2011 annual report to shareholders of
December 31, 2011 December 31, 2010
Accounts receivable ??? $100 million
Inventory $70 million $30 million
Other assets ??? $170 million
Total assets ??? $300 million
Total liabilities ??? $100 million
Total stockholders’ equity ??? $200 million
For the year ended Dec. 31, 2011
Net sales ???
Cost of goods sold ???
Net income $40 million
Return on assets 10%
Receivables turnover 8.0
Inventory turnover 12.0
Asset turnover 2.5
Return on stockholders’ equity 20%
Profit margin on sales 4%
Required: Compute the missing amount in the paris-perfume.com financial statement
information, indicated by ??? in the table above.
3. Shown below is activity for one of the products of Denver Office Equipment:
January 1 balance, 500 units @ $55 $27,500
January 10 500 units @ $60
January 20 1,000 units @ $63
January 12 800 units
January 28 750 units
a. Compute the ending inventory and cost of goods sold assuming Denver uses FIFO.
b. Compute the ending inventory and cost of goods sold assuming Denver uses LIFO and a perpetual inventory system.
c. Compute the ending inventory and cost of goods sold assuming Denver uses average cost and a periodic inventory system.
d. Compute the ending inventory and cost of goods sold assuming Denver uses average cost and a perpetual inventory system.
e. Compute the ending inventory and cost of goods sold assuming Denver uses LIFO and a periodic inventory system.
1. The following information ($ in millions) comes from a recent annual report of Amazon.com, Inc.:
Net sales $10,711)
Total assets 4,363)
End of year balance in cash 1,022)
Total stockholders’ equity 431)
Gross profit (Sales – Cost of Sales) 2,456)
Net increase in cash for the year 9)
Operating expenses 2,067)
Net operating cash flow 702)
Other income (expense), net (12)
a. Compute Amazon’s balance in cash at the beginning of the year.
b. Compute Amazon’s total liabilities at the end of the year.
c. Compute cost of goods sold for the year.
d. Compute the income before income tax for Amazon.
2. The current asset section of Seifert & Seifert, CPA’s balance sheet consists of cash, accounts receivable, investments, and prepaid expenses. The 2011 balance sheet reported the following: cash, $110,000; investments, $22,000; prepaid expenses, $18,000; noncurrent assets, $422,000; and shareholders’ equity, $350,000. The current ratio at the end of the year was 1.6 and the debt to equity ratio was .8.
Required: Determine the following 2011 amounts and ratios:
a. Current liabilities.
b. Long-term liabilities.
c. Accounts receivable.
d. The acid-test ratio.
3. Canton Corporation reported the following items in its adjusted trial balance for the year ended December 31, 2011:
Income from continuing operations before income taxes $110,000)
Extraordinary gain on property condemnsation 28,000)
Extraordinary loss on natural disaster (50,000)
Canton is subject to a 30% tax rate.
Required: Prepare the December 31, 2011, income statement for Canton Corporation,
starting with income from continuing operations before income taxes.
4. In 2011, KP Building Inc. began work on a four-year construction project (called “Cincy One”). The contract price is $300 million. KP uses the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. At the end of 2011, the following financial statement information indicates the results to date for Cincy One:
Gross Profit (before-taxes) recognized in 2011 $22 million
Accounts Receivable from construction billings $10 million
Construction in progress $66 million
Less: Billings on construction ($75 million)
Net billings in excess of construction in progress $9 million
Required: Compute the following, placing your answer in the spaces provided and showing supporting computations:
Items to compute:
Cash collected by KP on Cincy One during 2011 Actual costs incurred by KP on Cincy One during 2011
At 12/31/2011, the estimated remaining costs to complete Cincy One
The percentage of Cincy One that was completed during 2011
5. On June 30, 2011, Gunderson Electronics issued 8% stated rate bonds with a face
amount of $300 million. The bonds mature on June 30, 2031 (20 years). The market
rate of interest for similar bond issues was 10% (5% semiannual rate). Interest is paid
semiannually (4%) on June 30 and December 31, beginning on December 31, 2011.
a. Determine the price of the bonds on June 30, 2011.
b. Calculate the interest expense Gunderson reports in 2011 for these bonds.
6. During Burns Company’s first year of operations, credit sales totaled $140,000 and collections
on credit sales totaled $105,000. Burns estimates that bad debt losses will be
1.5% of credit sales. By year-end, Burns had written off $300 of specific accounts as
a. Prepare all appropriate journal entries relative to uncollectible accounts and bad
b. Show the year-end balance sheet presentation for accounts receivable.
7. Appleton Inc. adopted dollar-value LIFO on January 1, 2011, when the inventory value
was $1,200,000. The December 31, 2011, ending inventory at year-end costs was
$1,430,000 and the cost index for the year is 1.1.
Required: Compute the dollar-value LIFO inventory valuation for the December 31,
8. DK Super Stores Inc. uses the average cost retail method to estimate its ending inventory. Information at June 30, 2011, is as follows:
Beginning inventory $105,000
Net purchases 375,000
Net sales 380,000
Ending inventory 64,000
Required: Compute the cost-to-retail percentage used by DK.
9. Schefter Mining operates a copper mine in Wyoming. Acquisition, exploration, and development costs totaled $8.2 million. Extraction activities began on July 1, 2011. After the copper is extracted in approximately six years, Schefter is obligated to restore the land to its original condition, including constructing a park. The company’s controller has provided the following three cash flow possibilities for the restoration costs:
Cash Flow Probability
1. $700,000 30%
2. $800,000 25%
3. $900,000 45%
The company’s credit-adjusted, risk-free rate of interest is 5%, and its fiscal year ends on December 31.
a. What is the initial cost of the copper mine? (Round computations to nearest whole dollar.)
b. How much accretion expense will Schefter report in its 2011 income statement?
c. What is the carrying value (book value) of the asset retirement obligation that
Schefter will report in its 2011 balance sheet?
d. Assume that actual restoration costs incurred in 2017 totaled $860,000. What amount of gain or loss will Schefter recognize on retirement of the liability?
10. On March 30, 2011, Calvin Exploration purchased a drilling machine for $840,000. The estimated useful life of the machine is 10 years, and no residual value is anticipated. An important component of the machine is the drill housing component that will need to be replaced in five years. The $200,000 cost of the drill housing component is included in the $840,000 cost of the machine. Calvin uses the straight-line depreciation method for all machinery. The company’s fiscal year ends on December 31.
a. Calculate depreciation on the drilling machine for 2011 and 2012 applying the typical U.S. GAAP treatment.
b. Repeat requirement 1 applying IFRS.