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I have several hens with worsening swollen waddle involving…

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I have several hens with...
I have several hens with worsening swollen waddle involving surrounding neck with raised pin feathers. the first one died two days ago. At first they act normal but in time as the swelling worsens they become progressively lethargic. no drainage, sneezing, coughing, etc. noted.
Submitted: 4 months ago.Category: Bird Veterinary
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Answered in 29 minutes by:
3/20/2018
Bird Veterinarian: Dr. Michael Salkin, Veterinarian replied 4 months ago
Dr. Michael Salkin
Dr. Michael Salkin, Veterinarian
Category: Bird Veterinary
Satisfied Customers: 34,911
Experience: University of California at Davis graduate veterinarian with 45 years of experience
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Bird Veterinarian: Dr. Michael Salkin, Veterinarian replied 4 months ago

Kathleen, there are quite a few infectious agents that will cause swollen wattles, face, and surrounding tissue. They include fowl cholera (pasteurellosis), paramyxovirus, avian influenza, chicken coryza (Avibacterium paragallinarum), laryngotracheitis, chlamydiosis, and mycoplasmosis.

In any case of respiratory illness (even though you haven't reported other signs of respiratory illness...yet), it's important to know if you're dealing with a viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic disease. The treatment for one disease may be ineffective or even harmful for others. To make a diagnosis, an avian vet (please see here: www.aav.org) will perform several tests including bacterial cultures of the airways, blood tests, and necropsies of dead birds if they're available. Dead birds should be refrigerated - not frozen – until they can be necropsied. Microscopic evaluation of affected tissues is helpful and can be performed at a veterinary reference laboratory to which any vet can submiit a carcass. Your local county poultry extension service or pathology service of a veterinary teaching hospital are additional resources. A fecal test for parasites also should be done. Attempts to isolate virus may be required. Respiratory infections in poultry have several causes but outward signs may appear similar to the flock owner.

If you have no access to an avian vet, presumptive therapy is now limited by the FDA to over the counter tylosin in the form of injectable Tylan-50 dosed at 5 - 15 mg/lb into the breast muscle daily for 5-7 days. There's no egg withdrawal for this antibiotic. Tylosin will not address viral or fungal infections. Please respond with further questions or concerns if you wish.

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