If you do not tell your sexual partner about your status and have unprotected sex you can be charged with assault.
It is a criminal offence.
The following is taken from the link below.
There are laws across Australia which can be used to charge an individual with recklessly, negligently or deliberately exposing someone or transmitting HIV to another person. In Australia, state and territories have the authority enact and enforce criminal laws. Some jurisdictions have specific offences relating to transmission, while in others HIV-positive people have been charged with offences such as causing ‘grievous bodily harm’.
AFAO has long advocated against the criminal prosecution of people with HIV. Prosecutions relating to sexual transmission of HIV undermine public health efforts and stigmatise people living with HIV as dangerous and harmful. This has the effect of discouraging key populations from accessing testing and engaging with the health system.
AFAO’s Background Briefing: Application of Australian Criminal Laws in Cases of HIV Sexual Transmission and Exposure (2015) [Create hyperlink to document on new site] summarises key policy issues and potential responses.
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