If you wish to work you have to apply for a 457 visa.
You need to contact the AMA to see what you need to do to make sure you can work in australia as a doctor.
If you get a 457 visa you do not have to work in rural areas. If you cannot find a sponsor for a 457 then you may have to look at a visa that requires you to work in a rural area for a period of 2 years
It all depends on what visa you get where you have to work.
Currently you are not permitted to work and if you do and it is discovered you will be deported and your visa cancelled.
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