11. Which of the following sentences contains a redundancy? A. Chris had trouble working up even mild enthusiasm for Mike's plan. B. Steve admired the partially completed stadium. C. Emily's sister gave birth to a pair of twins. D. At no time did Tony indicate a willingness to admit defeat. 12. Which of the following sentences contains a dependent clause? A. The red sports car that was parked under the tree belongs to Alan. B. Kicking and leaping, the three deer behaved like rambunctious rabbits. C. Jared eagerly climbed into the boxing ring; he was on his back and out for the count in less than ten seconds. D. Please clear the table and wash the dishes. 13. To compose strong, compelling sentences, avoid using A. clauses as modifiers. B. dependent clauses. C. short, simple sentences. D. forms of the verb to be. 14. Which of the following sentences contains one or more strong, active verbs? A. Conrad trembled with anxiety and anticipation as he pressed Denise's doorbell. B. The phone directory was hastily searched by Conrad. C. Having been away in London for two years, Conrad was happy to see Denise. D. It was believed by some that Conrad's father had been a war hero. 15. Which of the following is a good rule to follow when proofreading an essay? A. Ask your best friend to critique your essay. B. Read the essay aloud to hear where words are missing or awkward phrasings or grammatical errors occur. C. Use the computer's spell-check and grammar-check functions to be sure you catch any errors. D. Scan the essay twice, once for organization and once for surface errors. 16. What is the sequence of components in the following sentence? Listless and depressed by vistas of snow and gray skies, Dieter left the cabin and walked toward the frozen pond. A. Subject, modifier, verb B. Subject, verb, modifier C. Modifier, subject, verb D. Modifier, subject, modifier, verb 17. A passive verb is the better choice if you wish to A. establish a formal tone. B. deemphasize the subject. C. emphasize the subject. D. establish a casual tone. 18. Which sentence should be edited to eliminate its cliché? A. Striding toward the barn in her red coverall and bucket hat, Gloria–tall and round–gave the impression of a charging silo. B. The family was immensely relieved when Great-Aunt Martha's condition progressed from "critical" to "it looks like she'll live another 10 years." C. I wanted to hire Dave, but a chain is only as strong as its weakest link. D. The texture of the burlap was a cross between woven straw and a three-day beard. 19. In which sentence does the italicized word have a negative connotation? A. Jack, who is the most outspoken member of the group, led the opposition to the new rule. B. Although she had worked hard in high school, Ruth found the college courses challenging. End of exam C. Jenna's green eyes and dark eyelashes gave her an exotic look. D. Matthew was a scrawnykid, but he grew up strong. 20. In the process of revision, your main objective should be to A. demonstrate correct grammar. B. establish proper tone. C. clarify your ideas. D. explain your essay's purposes.