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Do research on the benefits and risks of exercise and youth.

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Do research on the benefits and risks of exercise and youth. Give at least five resources (no more than five years old) and state the findings of your research. Is weight training safe and effective for young people? If not, why not?
There is much research of the benefits and risks of exercise and youth. There is much more evidence of the benefit of exercise, namely:
1. In early adolescent soccer players, exercise will improve hip extensor strength and vertical jump performance.

Hoshikawa Y, Iida T, Muramatsu M, Ii N, Nakajima Y, Chumank K, Kanehisa H. Effects of stabilization training on trunk muscularity and physical performances in youth soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2013 Feb 25.

2. High intensity exercise favours body composition, physical fitness and metabolic profile improvements.

Thivel D, Aucouturier J, Metz L, Morio B, Duché P. Is there spontaneous energy expenditure compensation in response to intensive exercise in obese youth? Pediatr Obes. 2013 Feb 28. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2013.00148.x.

3. Exercise training improves power and reduces the catabolic and inflammatory response to exercise.

Eliakim A, Portal S, Zadik Z, Meckel Y, Nemet D. Training reduces catabolic and inflammatory response to a single practice in female volleyball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2013 Feb 25.

4. Physical activity exhibited by boys increases in the strength and endurance of leg muscles
Rudroff T, Kelsey MM, Melanson EL, McQueen MB, Enoka RM. Associations between Neuromuscular Function and Levels of Physical Activity Differ for Boys and Girls during Puberty. J Pediatr. 2013 Feb 14. pii: S0022-3476(13)00038-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.01.014.

5. Exercise improved insulin sensitivity, pro-inflammatory cytokine profile, body mass index, and percent total body fat.

Many G, Hurtado ME, Tanner C, Houmard J, Gordish-Dressman H, Park JJ, Uwaifo G, Kraus W, Hagberg J, Hoffman E. Moderate-intensity aerobic training program improves insulin sensitivity and inflammatory markers in a pilot study of morbidly obese minority teens.
Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2013 Feb;25(1):12-26.

For these many reasons, exercise should be an important part of education for youths and done under supervised settings can be safe and effective for preventing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
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