How JustAnswer Works:

  • Ask an Expert
    Experts are full of valuable knowledge and are ready to help with any question. Credentials confirmed by a Fortune 500 verification firm.
  • Get a Professional Answer
    Via email, text message, or notification as you wait on our site.
    Ask follow up questions if you need to.
  • 100% Satisfaction Guarantee
    Rate the answer you receive.

Ask verbsrule Your Own Question

verbsrule
verbsrule, Bachelor's Degree
Category: Writing Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2768
Experience:  8 yrs teaching experience in English and history. Writing consultant.
44340502
Type Your Writing Homework Question Here...
verbsrule is online now
A new question is answered every 9 seconds

MODULE 6 ASSIGNMENTS DUE SATURDAY APRIL 14.....THIS IS A BIG

Resolved Question:

MODULE 6 ASSIGNMENTS DUE SATURDAY APRIL 14.....THIS IS A BIG ASSIGNMENT SO A BONUS WILL BE GIVEN!

Assignments:
1) Individual:
a) Weekly Journal
i) Each week, students are required to submit a reflection in an ongoing dialogue journal with the instructor of which portions may be used later in the e-Portfolio. The guidelines below should assist in this process.
ii) Your entry should be a minimum of 150-200 words.
iii) Answer the following questions:
(1) What are the key points in your reading?
(2) Based on your experience in education, how might you apply content from this reading to your classroom and instruction?
(3) What insight did the reading provide into this week's topic?
(4) How has class discussion influenced your thinking on this topic?
b) Psychological Underpinnings: A Task at Hand (Benchmark Assignment)
i) Review the psychological and cognitive theories presented throughout the course. Conduct a task analysis for two of the following tasks. Choose one of the following from the Physical Tasks list and one from the Academic Tasks list. In order to correctly task-analyze the procedures below, the student should perform the task and document each individual step using specific details.
(1) Physical Tasks
(a) Tying a shoe.
(b) Jumping rope.
(2) Academic Tasks
(a) Solving a two-digit addition math problem.
(b) Decoding the word dog.
ii) Using the task analysis breakdown from the above categories, create lesson plans that clearly outline the step-by-step procedures for each task selected. The lesson plans should each contain the following components at a minimum:
(1) Objective (the academic objective needs to be directly connected to state academic standards, but the physical objective does not).
(2) Materials needed to teach the lesson.
(3) Clear step-by-step directions/procedures.
(4) An assessment of learning that is clearly described.
iii) Using the lesson plan created, teach the above two tasks to a younger family member or child of a friend and compare which was easier for the child to learn. Create a table that compares the two lessons.
iv) Write a 1250-1500-word essay explaining the following:
(1) The psychological/cognitive theorists relating to the task analysis (support all of your claims and observations with solid references and details).
(2) The task analysis process, its pros/cons, and how you used it for each step of this activity,
(3) Your observations of the effectiveness of your lesson plan as it relates to the success (or failure) of the lesson with the learner(s).
(4) Three self-suggestions for improving the process.
v) Use standard essay format in APA style, including an introduction, conclusion, and title page. An abstract is not required. Cite in-text and in the References section.
vi) Include copies of your two lesson plans. The lesson plans do not count towards the total minimum word count for the paper and should be placed in the appendix of your paper.
Submitted: 2 years ago.
Category: Writing Homework
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.

verbsrule :

Thank you!

Customer:

EDU 313N
Instructional Strategies

Introduction


Under what type of conditions do students learn best? Do they respond better when instruction is clearly laid out? What kind of instructional methods such as lecture, hands-on, or cooperative learning groups assist them in learning and remembering? The focus during this lecture is to point out possible answers to the above questions




Overview


In any discussion about instruction strategies, teachers must be able to identify instruction from the point of reference. The first is teacher-directed, where the teacher directs most of the classroom activities, choosing topics, directing the course lesson. Most forms of expository instruction fall into this category. The other is learner-directed, where students have considerable input in the issues they are going to study and how they are going about it. Most classroom work is hands-on, interactive, and collaborative. The current research supports the values of learner-directed activities to foster achievement and post-school success (DeLisi & Golbeck, 1999).


Future instructional leaders understand that good teaching begins long before they enter the classroom. As a result, they plan. In most states, in addition to teacher standards, there are instructional objectives that dictate what students should learn. It is up to the teacher to develop classroom activities that will promote maximum learning.


In the state and national standards, the scope and sequence are in place. These are often referred to as instructional goals and instructional objectives with the former referring to long-term, while objectives refer to more specific outcomes of a particular lesson or activity. Educational research (Gronlund, 2004) also supports that students also benefit from knowing the objectives of a lesson or activity. Based upon this, they are able to make more appropriate decisions on time allocations and topic focus.




Task Analysis


In any teaching activity, the general outcome is to transfer complex ideas into workable skills. The approach that many teachers use is referred to as task analysis, a process whereby they identify the necessary subject matter to be taught, and they provide a highway of methods to achieve them. There are three general approaches to this process:


Behavioral analysis: Identify the specific behaviors necessary to perform a task.


Subject matter analysis: Break down the subject matter into specific topics and concepts.


Information processing analysis: Employing the cognitive perspective in the tasks.


 


There is not a single easy or right approach. The advantage to task analysis is to assist with choosing the appropriate instructional strategy for instruction.




Teaching Approaches


The most used approach is called expository instruction. Information is presented or exposed in the form that the students are expected to learn it. These activities are then behaviorally reinforced for appropriateness of response whether verbally or in homework. Some researchers (Skinner, 1968) have indicated that this places the student in a more passive role. Other research (Ausubel, Novak, & Hanesian, 1978) supports the notion that students are mentally active during passive classroom activities.


Another approach is called mastery learning, whereby students demonstrate that they have mastered the topic or topics before preceding to the next activity. This assumes that every student will have the skill before moving on.


Still another approach is called direct instruction, and it is often the approach chosen by districts for teacher evaluation. In this approach, teachers incorporate the elements of expository and mastery learning into one. This approach will use a variety of methods and techniques to engage students (Rosenshine & Stevens, 1986). In this approach, small sequenced steps and fast-paced teacher-led interactions will typically cover many of the following seven steps:


1) Review of prior learned material.


2) Statement of lesson objectives.


3) New material presented in small steps.


4) Guided practice and assessment after each step.


5) Student assessment of progress.


6) Independent practice.


7) Review.


 


All teachers will move back and forth in order to ensure subject mastery. In this approach it is most suitable for instruction of teaching new skills (Rosenshine & Stevens, 1986).





CONCLUSION:


Other approaches that are current include computer based instruction (CBI), discovery learning, authentic instruction, collaboration-interactive approaches, class discussions, reciprocal teaching, cooperative learning, and peer tutoring, all of which have merits for developing new instructional leaders.


In this instructional process, it is imperative to reconsider the diversity of the individuals placed in one's charge. The strategies a teacher chooses will to some degree depend upon the cognitive levels of the students. Some of these strategies adapt well to a wide range of students' abilities and needs. For example, mastery learning provides a means through which students can learn at their own pace. CBI methods often tailor instruction to students' prior knowledge and skills, while homework can be easily individualized for the kind and amount of practice students may need. At times, teachers organize their instruction approaches to accommodate cognitive and disability needs. Regardless, it is the individual instructor's responsibility to adapt to the needs of the student population being served.



REFERENCES:


Ausubel, D. P., Novak, J. D.,& Hanesian, H. (1978). Educational psychology: A cognitive view (2nd ed). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.


DeLisi, R., & Golbeck, S. L. (1999). Implications of Piagetian theory for peer tutoring. In A. M. O'Donnell & K. (Eds.), Cognitive perspectives on peer learning (pp. 3-37). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.


Gronlund, N. E. (2004). Writing instructional objectives for teaching and assessment (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.


Rosenshine, B. V., & Stevens, R. (1986). Teaching functions. In M. C. Wittrock (Ed.), Handbook or research on teaching (3rd ed.). New York: McMillian.



EDU 313N Educational Psychology
Benchmark Assessment and Rubric



Targeted Essential Learning


An effective teacher is able to task analyze a specific skill into its individual parts in order to design and plan instruction based on psychological and cognitive principles that develop students’ abilities to meet standards. (APTS 1, 7; INTASC 1, 2, 4)


Assessment Tool Selected


1) Lesson Plan: Task Analysis


2) Essay


Specific Performance/Task(s)


Demonstrate understanding of varied effective instructional design practice. (APTS 1.1-2)


Create learning experiences that connect subject area knowledge to real life situations. (7.5)


Relevancy of Task to Teacher Candidate


By breaking complex tasks into their constituent parts, teachers are able to more effectively design instruction that is logical and comprehensive for students. Understanding the psychological/cognitive principles informing the instructional design process allows teacher to differentiate their instruction to meet student needs.


Assessment: Student Prompts/Teacher Directions


1) Psychological Underpinnings: A Task at Hand (Benchmark Assignment)


a) Review the psychological and cognitive theories presented throughout the course. Conduct a task analysis for two of the following tasks. Choose one of the following from the Physical Tasks list and one from the Academic Tasks list. In order to correctly task-analyze the procedures below, the student should perform the task and document each individual step using specific details.


i) Physical Tasks


(1) Tying a shoe.


(2) Jumping rope.


ii) Academic Tasks


(1) Solving a two-digit addition math problem.


(2) Decoding the word dog.


b) Using the task analysis breakdown from the above categories, create lesson plans that clearly outline the step-by-step procedures for each task selected. The lesson plans should each contain the following components at a minimum:


i) Objective (the academic objective needs to be directly connected to state academic standards, but the physical objective does not).


ii) Materials needed to teach the lesson.


iii) Clear step-by-step directions/procedures.


iv) An assessment of learning that is clearly described.


c) Using the lesson plan created, teach the above two tasks to a younger family member or child of a friend and compare which was easier for the child to learn. Create a table that compares the two lessons.


d) Write a 1250-1500-word essay explaining the following:


i) The psychological/cognitive theorists relating to the task analysis (support all of your claims and observations with solid references and details).


ii) The task analysis process, its pros/cons, and how you used it for each step of this activity,


iii) Your observations of the effectiveness of your lesson plan as it relates to the success (or failure) of the lesson with the learner(s).


iv) Three self-suggestions for improving the process.


e) Use standard essay format in APA style, including an introduction, conclusion, and title page. An abstract is not required. Cite in-text and in the References section.


f) Include copies of your two lesson plans. The lesson plans do not count towards the total minimum word count for the paper and should be placed in the appendix of your paper.


g) Submit the assignment to the instructor in ANGEL by the end of Module 6


 


Scoring Tool/Guide (Rubric)


Psychological Underpinnings: A Task at Hand


 












































































Criteria



1: Unsatisfactory



2: Less Than Satisfactory



3: Satisfactory



4: Good



5: Excellent



Content 95%



Lesson Plans (2)



ACEI 1.0, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 4.0


NMSA 1, 3, 5




No standards are mentioned in lesson. Lesson is not aligned to standards. Activities are absent or unrelated to objectives. Materials and resources, Step-by-step directions, and an assessment are not included in plan.



Lesson is minimally aligned to standards. Many activities are extraneous and irrelevant. Materials needed and step-by-step directions
are included, but seem limited or incomplete. The assessment does not relate to the objective.



Lesson is mostly influenced by standards. Activities relate to objectives, though some are extraneous. A list
of materials and resources needed
for this lesson are included. Step-by-step directions are supplied as a list.
The assessment is minimally described and relevant to the objective.



Lesson is clearly aligned to standards. Activities provide a logical path to meeting objectives.
A detailed list of materials and resources needed for this lesson are included in the plan. Step-by-step directions are annotated. The assessment is clearly and thoroughly described.



Key applicable standards are thoroughly referenced. Lesson is guided by standards. Students of many learning styles and strengths can benefit from activities.
The assessment has been approached creatively.



Task Analysis Process



ACEI 3.3


NMSA 5



The essay contains a mere outline of the task analysis process.



The task analysis process is addressed, but at a minimum. It identifies either pros or cons, but not both. How the process
was used in the assignment is
missing from
the essay.



The essay includes a depiction of the task analysis process, its pros and cons, and how it was used for the steps in the assignment.



The student details the task analysis process and clearly defends its pros
and cons.



The student’s description of the task analysis process places the reader
into the learning experience.



Lesson Plan Effectiveness



ACEI 5.1


NMSA 7




The essay does not mention the lesson plan’s effectiveness.



The student reflects on the effectiveness of the lesson for the learner(s), but the reflection is sketchy and incomplete.



The lesson plan’s effectiveness for the learner(s) is reflected upon in the essay. The successfulness (or failure) of the lesson with the learner(s) is marginally addressed.



The student connects the ability of the learner to learn with the quality of the lesson and clearly reflects on why the learner(s) succeeded or failed.



The student clearly understands the relationship between the design of the lesson and the ability of the learner(s) to learn.



Self-Suggestions for Improvement


 


ACEI 5.1


NMSA 7



No suggestions for improvement are included.



Suggestions for improvement are noted, but are superfluous to
the lesson.



Suggestions for improvement are listed and described.



Clearly described suggestions for improvement are tied to specific points related to the effectiveness of
the lesson.



The student includes suggestions that may or may not work and analyzes why it might be so in each case.



Theoretical Connections



ACEI 1.0


NMSA 1, 3, 5



No connections are made to the theories and material learned in the course.



Theoretical connections are made, but make
no sense.



A connection to theory and course material is made, though at a minimum.



The student clearly and cohesively connects theory
to practice.



Theoretical connections indicate a full and complete understanding of those theories.



Organization 5%



 


Mechanics of Writing
(includes spelling, punctuation, and grammar)


 



 


Surface errors are pervasive enough
that they impede communication of meaning.


 



 


Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader.



 


Some mechanical and/or typographical errors are present, but are not overly distracting to
the reader.
Mechanics of
writing are reflective of APA style.



 


Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few
may be present.



 


Writer is clearly in control of standard, written American English.


 



APA Format
and Style R
equirements


 



APA format and style are not evident.



Title page is present, though missing APA elements; in-text citations, where necessary, are used but formatted inaccurately and/or not referenced.



All key elements of an APA title page are present; an abstract is present and formatted correctly; in-text citations and a References section are present with few format errors.



Essay elements are theoretically supported with accurate citations
and references.



A broad understanding of APA format and style is evident in use of level headings and lists, for example.



 


 

verbsrule :

Thank you.

Customer:

My instuctor just sent us a note saying we need to include a rationale.

verbsrule :

For this one?

Customer:

yes for module 6

verbsrule :

OK. Thank you.

Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
What Happens Now?

Your chat has ended, but you can still work with your Expert to get an answer to your question if you have not yet received one.

Come back to this page at any time to see additional information from your Expert.  You will also receive an email when your question is updated.  If you want to send a message to your Expert, use the box below.

If you have already received a satisfactory answer to your question, click the Accept button above.  Experts are credited for each accepted answer they provide.
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
Could you send me notes from the class discussion?
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
Also, could you send me specific details on the rationale?
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
hey sorry had to go out of town. not sure what notes you are asking for. She did not give any details for the rationale.
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
OK. The instructions at the top said to incorporate class discussions in the weekly journal. I'll write one without them and let you update it. I still have no idea where to include a rationale. I would email your prof and see what she says. I'll go ahead and send you what I have.
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
Here's the major part of the assignment. When you find out about the rationale, let me know. I'll send the journal soon.
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
hey, the link did not come through. I have never had to do a rational with my assignments so I am lost as well. I will also ask what class discussion she is talking about because all we have is the lecture.????
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
This is what she said...........You will submit the whole assignment including lesson plans to TaskStream. The rationale is the purpose of the assignment.
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
OK. I'll add it and send it to you in a few. Here's the journal:
http://www.box.com/s/76ad3d68fe8c3d906432
verbsrule, Bachelor's Degree
Category: Writing Homework
Satisfied Customers: 2768
Experience: 8 yrs teaching experience in English and history. Writing consultant.
verbsrule and other Writing Homework Specialists are ready to help you
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
Here you go: http://www.box.com/s/856549c1f89fc39d5a3e


Have a great week!
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
Hi. this is the correct file for the rationale: http://www.box.com/s/856549c1f89fc39d5a3e
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
Hey I have the journal and the rational but not the big assignment. Did you send it yet?
Expert:  verbsrule replied 2 years ago.
Apparently I didn't include the link!

http://www.box.com/s/899f8bb9fe9f014756c3

Sorry about that!
Customer: replied 2 years ago.
That is ok. You are wonderful!!!! You don't even know how much I appreciate your help.

JustAnswer in the News:

 
 
 
Ask-a-doc Web sites: If you've got a quick question, you can try to get an answer from sites that say they have various specialists on hand to give quick answers... Justanswer.com.
JustAnswer.com...has seen a spike since October in legal questions from readers about layoffs, unemployment and severance.
Web sites like justanswer.com/legal
...leave nothing to chance.
Traffic on JustAnswer rose 14 percent...and had nearly 400,000 page views in 30 days...inquiries related to stress, high blood pressure, drinking and heart pain jumped 33 percent.
Tory Johnson, GMA Workplace Contributor, discusses work-from-home jobs, such as JustAnswer in which verified Experts answer people’s questions.
I will tell you that...the things you have to go through to be an Expert are quite rigorous.
 
 
 

What Customers are Saying:

 
 
 
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
< Last | Next >
  • Wonderful service, prompt, efficient, and accurate. Couldn't have asked for more. I cannot thank you enough for your help. Mary C. Freshfield, Liverpool, UK
  • This expert is wonderful. They truly know what they are talking about, and they actually care about you. They really helped put my nerves at ease. Thank you so much!!!! Alex Los Angeles, CA
  • Thank you for all your help. It is nice to know that this service is here for people like myself, who need answers fast and are not sure who to consult. GP Hesperia, CA
  • I couldn't be more satisfied! This is the site I will always come to when I need a second opinion. Justin Kernersville, NC
  • Just let me say that this encounter has been entirely professional and most helpful. I liked that I could ask additional questions and get answered in a very short turn around. Esther Woodstock, NY
  • Thank you so much for taking your time and knowledge to support my concerns. Not only did you answer my questions, you even took it a step further with replying with more pertinent information I needed to know. Robin Elkton, Maryland
  • He answered my question promptly and gave me accurate, detailed information. If all of your experts are half as good, you have a great thing going here. Diane Dallas, TX
 
 
 

Meet The Experts:

 
 
 
  • Steve Herrod

    Master's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    651
    Masters in Literature and a Bachelors Degree in French with Management
< Last | Next >
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/SP/spherrod/2012-6-6_174244_1000852.64x64.JPG Steve Herrod's Avatar

    Steve Herrod

    Master's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    651
    Masters in Literature and a Bachelors Degree in French with Management
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/VE/verbsrule/2013-3-25_232622_MamaandEllie.64x64.jpg verbsrule's Avatar

    verbsrule

    Bachelor's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    439
    8 yrs teaching experience in English and history. Writing consultant.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/GY/gypsydust1/2012-3-31_71657_me3a.64x64.jpg DXJ Writer's Avatar

    DXJ Writer

    Master's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    350
    Research writer, educator, tutor with 20+ years experience.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/ST/stayathomemomof2/2012-3-20_152711_cameracleanup362012653.64x64.JPG stayathomemomof2's Avatar

    stayathomemomof2

    Bachelor's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    214
    Freelance writer.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/ED/educatortech/2012-6-7_1256_williams4.64x64.jpg Mr. Gregory White's Avatar

    Mr. Gregory White

    Master's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    176
    M.A., M.S. Education / Educational Administration
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/JU/judybailey61/2012-6-23_23846_Resized.64x64.jpg judybailey61's Avatar

    judybailey61

    Bachelor's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    167
    Two years writing expert with justanswer.
  • http://ww2.justanswer.com/uploads/MB/MBJC11/2012-6-6_171228_1837551861548780869311000007725919373587357549561n.64x64.jpg Eric M.'s Avatar

    Eric M.

    Master's Degree

    Satisfied Customers:

    148
    Five years in academia, over a dozen peer-reviewed publications, multiple best paper awards, working toward PhD.
 
 
 

Related Writing Homework Questions