Hi my pet rabbit Biscuit has encephalitozoon. she has been given fenbendazole paste. but she has a sister rabbit called Rainbow, and I have a dog Daisy. Should also treat both of them too as I have read that they can also catch it through the urine? Also can I catch it as have read that humans can get it? We all live together and are very affectionate to one another. I currently have biscuit housed seperate to rainbow. Please can you help. Also can I buy the same for rabbit n dog at pet shop or do I have to go to vets.
Type of Animal: Rabbit
Name of Animal: biscuit
Hello, I am Dr. Zoe, a licensed veterinarian here to help. Great questions and big concerns! First, Encephalitazoon has 3 types identified so far... the one we know well in rabbits is not the same as that of people. But the E.cuniculi of rabbits has been seen in 1 report of human disease. when people do get this infection most of the time it is in the presence of severe immunosuppression. At one time, incidence was significant enough to generate interest and lots of studies... now that HIV is treated aggressively and AIDS is less common, most inf disease folks do not see it anymore. So, with regard to people, if you or anyone in the family is immunosuppressed then you need to contact your M.D. right away.
And your other rabbit? In the UK when there are multiple rabbits, it is advocated to use an oral fenbendazole product for 9 days as prophylactic use. And for your sick rabbit at least 28 days for treatment. Studies on the use of fenbendazole, for both treatment and prophylaxis, are scarce in the literature, with most of our recommendations based solely on anecdotal usage protocols (and many of these suggest short courses repeated frequently to control infection in multi-rabbit households or longer one-off courses of up to 42 days being advocated by some sources). BotXXX XXne is the issue is murky at best. There is also a lot of skepticism on whether or not fenbendazole works well.
What about my dog and other bunny? Should I also get them treated?
And your dog? I am not very concerned about yoru dog, unless you feel that it has had a huge exposure to your rabbit and the rabbit's urine. IF so, then we could fenbendazole there as well. But in general we very very very rarely see this infection jump to dogs.
ok its just that she does sometimes clean the bunnies and eat their poos
Then, you may want to treat your dog as well prophylactically with the fenbendazole.
ok thanks should I take them too the vets or can I get the fenbendazole from the pet shop?
You will probably need to get this from your vet; if you have a good relationship with your vet you can probably call and (s)he will dispense this for your other pets as a prophylactic treatment.
You are certainly welcome. Please keep me posted and let me know if you have future questions. E.cuniculi is very tough to diagnose (prior to death) and just as tough to treat. We also tend to overdiagnose this problem for many cases that have neurological signs, probably becuase our testing for this is tough to interpret. But very much worth trying to treat.
12 yrs in practice, specialist canine/feline medicine
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