UK Traffic Law
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What is the charge please?
To whom is the car registered?
Then it comes down really to the ID of the officer.
They should have laid an information within 6 months of the incident but there are some exceptions to that. It is probably worth raising that issue to see what their explanation is for it. It might be that they are out of time.
Failing that you will have to challenge the ID of the officer. The problem is that if you are known to the police then I suspect we both know that Magistrates are generally biased in favour of the prosecution. They are not actually as bad as people think they are but they are still pretty bad.
Can I clarify anything for you?
You just ask when you go to court.
There isn't any way of finding out in advance unless they choose to tell you.
They are too many to explain really. You could write text books on that point.
The most common ones are wrong address at DVLA, stat decs, variations arising from Sudbury justices.