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Category: UK Tax
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Experience:  Chartered Accountant >20 years + Qualified IFA
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HiI am a UK citizen currently in Australia and paying Australian

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I am a UK citizen currently in Australia and paying Australian taxes

I have been offered a position in Africa that i am considering. The pay from that job would go through the UK agency who are looking at hiring me for the company who are based in Africa

I will continue to live in Australia (visitor visa - not Australian PR) and work only in Africa but the pay must go through the UK

I have been advised by the hiring Agency that i require a Limited Company or an umbrella company in order to receive my pay. Having spoken to an umbrella company, given i am not living, working or ordinarily resident in the UK, so they say they cannot take me on to their books

Does anyone know if i can form my own Limited Company under those conditions and also if i can claim back tax in such circumstances

Mant thanks in advance



I'm Rachel, and I’m a moderator for this topic.

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Customer: replied 3 years ago.
Hi Rachel

I do require an answer to this, either from here or elsewhere. I assume if i receive no response and the question is closed that i will not be charged?



Thank you, XXXXX XXXXX continue to look for a professional to assist you. In the event we are unable to find a professional for you yes the question can be closed and you will not be charged. Please let me know if I can be of any further assistance while you wait.



Hello again, :)

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Customer: replied 3 years ago.

Hi Lindie


I am happy to wait





Hi. Thanks for your question.

Should you find the answer below incomplete or you are not fully answered, please drop a reply before rating.

Why do you need a UK company or agency? Or why does the pay have to pass through UK?

Any update?
Customer: replied 3 years ago.



Apologies for the slow response but i am presently offshore in Australia


The Agency who is arranging the work is based in the UK and they have told me that they require it to be paid within the UK to keep themselves compliant. I think it is to ensure that it goes through the UK tax system. I am ok with that but need to know if I will be liable for tax or NIC given i shall be working and living outside the UK

I believe I can become NT for tax and therefore will not pay tax, but i am unsure about NIC



Thanks for the reply.

Firstly you are non resident and wont be individually taxed in UK as you automatically qualify for non residency under the Automatic Non Residence Test as long as you don't spend more than 91 days in UK.

In this case you wont be required to file any tax documents with the UK tax office nor are you required to pay tax in UK.

However if you set up a LTD company, a company registered in UK is tax resident in UK and hence the company will pay tax in UK at minimum 20% despite the work being done outside UK. Hence i do not see the reason for setting up a UK company.

It might be useful to get a UK tax accountant to liase directly with the UK agent to understand the full arrangement of your contract and see whats best for your case taking into account your position in Australia, how to claim any double tax that may be incurred at South Africa level. Unfortunately doesn't allow direct contact, therefore you might try other sites like HERE or simply google if you feel the need to do so - but the overall view is that you don't need a UK LTD.

Let me know if you are answered and if you have any further questions drop me a message. If sorted ,could you please rate the question before you go.
Customer: replied 3 years ago.

Thanks for the reply - very informative. I guess the only thing to ask is if there is an alternative to a Ltd Co


The agency are clear that they will not pay me directly. At the start they said they would pay me via an umbrella company but that is not an option for me as i will neither work nor live in the UK. Their advice was therefore to form a Ltd Co - I did hear that if I did that then I would be liable to employer tax at 13.8% on earnings over around 140 per week??

They are right in that if you set up a UK company and you are employed by a UK company, then over and above the company tax of 20%, the company will pay national insurance tax as well..

The option available to you is the umbrella company which is essentially a company that acts as an employer to you and you will then work under a fixed term contract assignment with this company- this is usually through your agent in UK. The umbrella company then processes timesheets received from you then issues an invoice to the client in South Africa for payment. The umbrella company should then comply with all the UK tax requirements for an employer like any other employer. However you being non resident means the umbrella company needs to be made aware about this and they will get a NIL code from HMRC to say you should be taxed in UK.

Hope this helps

Hope this helps. If you are not satisfied, please do NOT rate but get back to me ASAP.

Could you please rate the question. Thank you .
TaxVince, Accountant
Category: UK Tax
Satisfied Customers: 965
Experience: Chartered Accountant >20 years + Qualified IFA
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