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If your son made himself sole director of the company then yes he could prevent your husband working. If your husband was an employee of the company for more than two years he may have a claim for wrongful dismissal or suchlike.
In terms of the shares - this is slightly dependent on what is in the Articles of Association (the individual company rules). Often they have what are known as ‘pre-emption’ rights within them. These state that the shares must be offered to other shareholders for sale before being offered to anyone else. If pre-emption rights are in the articles then you would have to offer the shares to your son before offering them to anyone else.
Your son would have to hold a board meeting and remove your husband as chairman.
If your husband has been working for the company as an employee for more than two years then he will have employment rights.
The share holding point is separate - they have no bearing on your husband’s role within the company now that your son has more than 50% of the Co shares.
You will be entitled to dividends equal to your shareholding as they are paid out.
Your husband will still have a say in the running of the company so long as he is still Chairman (Director). However beware - your son could hold a board meeting and remove your husband from the board. If that did happen then you could pursue you’re husband’s employment rights - though there is some precedent in law to suggest that maybe he will have further rights - from it being more of a partnership. That law is quite complicated and not strictly settled so approach if all else fails.
At present there is nothing to suggest that the situation will change - but be aware that handing over the majority shareholding puts one at a disadvantage, maybe best not to rock the boat in possible.
He could make himself sole director with over 50% of the shareholding. He would have to go through a fairly simple procedure and
register with Companies House - I would just try not to rock the apple cart for now. Best of luck
Apologies I have been abroad for the past two days
If your son makes himself sole director then he could dismiss your husband - but he is not yet and your husband may have employment rights. The shares will pass to you if your husband has passed them to you in his will and if you pass them to your other children then they will go to them upon your passing. If the business is sold then the purchaser will need to buy your shares off of you.