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You don't need to leave the car to be parked. A car need not be abandoned to be parked.
the question really is how long was the car stationary at that location?
If it 10 minutes or so then you might be in difficulty as that would exceed the loading period too.
you could put them to proof on the point of parking. Its always worth doing that as local councils hate appeals generally.
I do think you could successfully argue that if the engine was running the car was not parked. But if you were there for 10 mins plus the question is will they accept the engine was off.
It is a valid argument but if it was there for 10 mins then the Adjudicator would say he does not accept the engine was running.
Also, they can say how long you were there. They have CCTV footage that can be replayed.
No. If you can convince the adjudicator that the engine was running that would not meet the definition of being parked.
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I am not 100% clear on your answer....
Engine running = not parked?
If your engine is running then you are still in control of the car and would not be parked.
The only way that I can think of that this could be support is to get the mobile phone bill of the person who phoned you. It won't show on your own bill if its an incoming call but if you can show that a person did call your number at that time that would support what you are saying and you would probably get over the factual challenge.
Yes, but without any contrary evidence the Adjudicator is not going to accept your engine was running for that long. It just doesn't make sense.
the burden of proof is with them but some things are easier to prove that others.
You won't need to quote caselaw though. Adjudicators know the cases on this topic and if you just make the arguments above, they'll understand what you are saying.