UK Immigration Law
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Ok, I suggest that you wait for the refusal letter. This will tell you why the visa has been refused. Once you have read the refusal letter you can contact me again if anything is not clear.
With respect to your second question, if your son's wife's spouse visa is issued this will give her 2 years leave to remain in the UK (this is called the probationary period). At the end of this period she will need to apply for settlement in the UK (this is called indefinite leave to remain). The former does not automatically lead to the latter. It requires a new application and certain requirements have to be met. For example, the marriage must still be subsisting and the parties must intend to live to together permanently as husband and wife. However, so long as your son and his wife are still together then they shouldn't have any problem in meeting the requirements.
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