UK Employment Law
UK Employment Law Questions Answered by Verified Experts
Hello, my name is XXXXX XXXXX it is my pleasure to assist you with your question today. How long have you worked there for?
Hi ben, thank you5 and a half years
Capability is one of several potentially fair reasons for dismissing an employee under the Employment Rights Act 1996. The definition of ‘capability’ includes competence (skill and aptitude), health (any mental/physical quality) and qualifications.
Whether a capability dismissal is fair will depend on the reasonableness of the employer's decision in the particular circumstances and the procedure that was followed. Basically, the employer needs to show they had reasonable grounds to believe that the employee was incapable of performing their job.
Case law has established that a dismissal on grounds of capability can be unfair if the following key elements have not been satisfied:
Dismissal must always be viewed as a last resort by the employer. This is especially true if the reason their capability is affected is due to a condition that amounts to a disability under law.
Whether a condition is a disability will depend on a number of factors. Disability can have a broad meaning and there is no single list of conditions that amount to a disability under law. Instead, to establish whether a person is disabled for legal purposes, they need to establish whether they meet the legal definition of ‘disability’.
The Equality Act 2010 (“EA”) defines a disability as a “physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities”.
I will break this definition down:
If it appears that the employer has taken a particularly heavy-handed approach and failed to satisfy at least some of the requirements that make a capability dismissal fair, the option exists of appealing to them first before submitting a claim for unfair dismissal, subject to having at least 2 years' continuous service (and possible disability discrimination if the condition in question amounts to a disability) in an employment tribunal.
Similarly, you cannot be forced to resign and you can certainly refuse to do so, leaving your employer to deal with this and following the dismissal route if they want to, challenging it as above if it happens.
Sorry to say that you just managed to catch me when I was going off so if you have any further questions please post them here and I will deal with them as soon as I return - you will get an email when I have responded, thank you
Ok. So as they gave me initial support at the start and 6 months to get over my condition and improve does that mean it would br fair for them to dismiss me?
Many thanks for your time, I look forward to hearing from you
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