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Revenue Rulings Questions
Revenue Rulings are public administrative rulings by the
Internal Revenue Service
(IRS) that apply to certain
to particular factual situations. A revenue ruling can be used as precedent by all United States
. Many times the common person may have questions regarding revenue rulings if they do not have
experience. Below are some of the most commonly asked questions about revenue rulings answered by the Experts.
What are the purposes of a balance sheet, and statement of cash flow why would a tax practitioner would not consult the Internal Revenue Code (IRC)?
A cash flow is a type of statement that shows individuals the amount of monies that have been brought into the company; also this statement will show the amount of money that has left the business. Where as a balance sheet shows what tangible and intangible assets a business has, including money that is owed. In some cases laws are not fluid, so a person might have different interpretations of them, and apply them to special facts and circumstances. Cases and rulings can vary district by district and sometimes calls for state definitions or laws to be used. Generally district
apply within the district, appeals court rulings are binding over the districts and Supreme Court is just that; supreme.
Are ordained ministers required to pay Social Security and Medicare tax on contributions made to a TSA (Tax-Sheltered Annuity) under a salary reduction agreement?
In most cases the amount paid into the account in the minister’s behalf by the church would not be included in the minister’s pay, and therefore not subject to self-employment taxes. These links could be helpful in this matter:
If I were to put four names on a Quit Claim deed on a life estate and I am the tenant, if I decide to sell the house do I have to put my name back on the deed and who would have to pay tax on the house once it is sold?
If there was no money exchanged between the four people then when the original owner take their names off of the deed that means they are gifting their ownership interest. If the value of that interest is above $13,000 then each person would be required to file a
return, however there would not be any gift taxes unless the lifetime limit of $5,000,000 is reached. Since the original owner will be the sole owner of the property they will not be responsible for any
; however the original owner would be responsible for income taxes on the capital gain in most cases, unless they owned and used the property at least two out of the last five years before the sale. In this case the part of the gain attributable to the lifetime estate would not be taxable, but the part that is transferred as a gift will be taxable. To determine the percentage of taxable revenue a person would probably need a little help from a Certified Public Accountant (CPA). IRS publication 1457 -
could help in this matter as well.
Is there any legal recourse when someone has been trying to rollover funds from a 401k plan with a former employe however they will not allow access to the funds?
In many plans (including 401k retirement plans), the law requires these plans to pay benefits before retirement under certain circumstances such as termination of the employee. The plan’s Summary Plan Description (SPD) should lay out the plans rules for obtaining the distribution and the timing of the distribution after termination of employment. The person should request a copy of the SPD, if they do not have proof in writing that they are not eligible for the distribution on the SPD form; then they should receive a distribution that they can rollover into an Individual Retirement Account within 60 days.
If a person retires from their job, waits for 61 days from their retirement date, then starts a new job with the same employer does this give their retirement system the right to suspend retirement benefits, claiming that the person did not have a “bona fide separation” from their employer before beginning the new job?
Typically a “bona fide” termination of employment is when the employer/employee relationship is completely severed. Since the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) defines official retirement as “willful termination of employment with no intent to seek a new job after the age of 55,” then it would appear that since this person submitted an application for a new job, whether that person was under the age of 55 or not, prior to retiring they had the intent of working again. Therefore the relationship between the employer/employee was not completely severed. Revenue Rulings are an important part of the
and in most cases can be binding on both the taxpayers and the IRS. There are several types of revenue rulings that can be useful in different situations involving the IRS. To be aware of these can be important in avoiding certain penalties incurred by the IRS on taxpayers all over the nation. Revenue Rulings questions are just one of the many questions that the Experts are ready to answer whenever and wherever they may arise.
Recent Revenue Ruling Questions
The background as follows. would work in the US
The background as follows.
XXX would work in the US for one and a half year and would obtain a working visa, however, her Hungarian employment relationship would be kept only until the end of January or February 2016, i.e. this relationship with XXXX Kft would not exceed 183 days. As we understand, she will keep her permanent address in Hungary, but would also have one in the US for this period.
XXX will move to the US (near Buffalo) and would work as a trainee for a US company. XXXX intends to maintain her employment status under a part-time distance job scheme (17 hours per week) from 1 October 2015, XXXX would work for XXXXX Kft Hungary on-line. Her salary would be paid by XXXX Kft, which has neither a permanent establishment nor a subsidiary in the US and she would not be assigned to a US company, she would perform her work for XXXXXX Kft at home.
Tax and social security aspects
We understand that XXXXX Kft would keep on paying the Hungarian personal income tax and social security on XXX salary. In this regard, we see no risk from a Hungarian tax and social security perspective. However, as being Hungarian tax advisors, we are not in a position to assess XXXX or Risskov Autoferein Kft’s tax and social security risks as well as the registration liability of XXXXX Kft in the US (if there is any) on the employment of a Hungarian individual in the US.
- Based on the background information, do they see any chance that XXX would qualify as a Hungarian tax resident or would she become a US tax resident from a personal income tax point of view based on the double tax treaty between the US and Hungary also considering the US rules (based on the Hungarian rules, she qualifies as a Hungarian tax resident since she is a Hungarian citizen)?
- Will XXXX need to report her income from XXXXX Kft to the IRS or no information in this regard is required to be reported?
- Will XXXXX be obliged to pay any kind of social security contribution in the US on the income received from Risskov Autoferien Kft?
- Does XXXXXX Kft have any kind of registration obligation or tax liability in the US regarding this employment relationship without any presence of the company in the US?
- Is there any kind of special rule or risk in this scheme to be considered in the US from XXXXX Kft’s side?
We are a non-profit organization with 45 employees and cover our emplo
We are a non-profit organization with 45 employees and cover our employees through a health reimbursement arrangement. We use a third party to administer the plan and the third party is Zane benefits. The IRS notice 2013-54 says we are not compliant. Zane says that we are and their attorneys say we are. We use their software and have all the legal documents in place. Zane states "that their plans are not Employer Payment Plans and because these plans meet ACA Market Reforms, companies offering Zane health reimbursement plan are not exposed to the excise tax. See:Http://www.zanebenefits.com/blog/does-reimbursing-employees-health-insurance-disqualify-them-from-premium-tax-credits
Is this a loophole. Zane has a lot of customers utilizing this and you would think if it were out of compliance the IRS would have shut them down.
I was employed outside of the US first 3 months of
I was employed outside of the US for the first 3 months of 2014 (in England). I paid England income and payroll taxes as a England employee. The rest of the year I lived in the US and was employed by a US company (paid via W-2). It is my understanding
that I will have to pay US income tax on the English income (and I can qualify for a foreign tax credit), but will I have to pay US payroll or self employment tax on the English income?
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