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PMS or Premenstrual Syndrome is a mixture of emotional and/or physical symptoms that coincide with a woman's menstrual cycle. The medical definition of PMS is more specific and focuses on the consistent emotional and physical symptoms that a woman may experience during the luteal phase of her cycle that are severe enough to affect certain aspects of her life. These symptoms can vary among women but generally appear 10 days before a period and go away before or after the period begins. To learn more about PMS and the treatment for it, take a look below at the questions that have been answered by the Experts.
There are several ways to deal with PMS and discharge. To begin with, since every woman experiences different symptoms during PMS, an OB/GYN will generally ask a patient to keep track of the symptoms that occur before and during her period. This will give the OB/GYN a chance to determine if the symptoms are indeed those of PMS. Once the OB/GYN has determined that the symptoms are related to the woman's period, there are usually several options for treatment. Generally, many women are given birth control pills to stop the monthly periods which, in turn, will generally reduce the symptoms associated with PMS. There are also medicines available to regulate a woman's mood before her period begins. One such pill that works very well to regulate mood swings is called Sarafem. Another option many women choose are anti-depressants which are taken regularly and not only during the period. With regard to the clear discharge the OB/GYN will have to determine the cause of this by doing an exam. In some cases, the discharge may be normal but, in others, it could be resulting from polyps, benign growths or vaginal infections. An ultrasound can also rule out the rare but possible chance of a tumor.
When dealing with excessive bleeding, a hysterectomy usually helps to end the heavy periods. The PMS symptoms will also go away if the woman's ovaries are removed during the hysterectomy. However, many women consider alternative methods of dealing with the heavy periods and mood swings. The reason for this is that a hysterectomy is not only a serious surgery that may create additional problems but there is usually excessive pain associated with the recovery. Some options available to help PMS are birth control pills which provide relief from the symptoms and slow the heavy flow of blood. A steady exercise regime and avoiding stressful situations also aid in getting relief from the symptoms. Avoiding certain foods such as caffeine and sweets help as well. If every effort has been made to get relief from the PMS symptoms and nothing has worked, the last resort is generally a hysterectomy that includes the removal of the ovaries.
Mirena typically does provide relief from the symptoms of severe PMS by stopping a woman's ovulation and slowing the number of periods. There are at least 20% of women who take Mirena who stop having their menstrual cycles completely. Depo-Provera is another option that helps with PMS. It is an injection which completely blocks ovulation although weight gain and osteoporosis can occur if taken on a long term basis. Another option is a low dose birth control pill. This could be better than Mirena which doesn’t provide any hormones and easier to take than a shot. The birth control pill should ideally be taken, without a break, for three months at a time. Alternatively, many women choose to take an anti-depressant to deal with the symptoms of PMS.
Generally vaginal tenderness isn't a common occurrence and more so for a woman aged 44. While a woman in this age group may be approaching menopause, this still shouldn't be a cause for tenderness in the vaginal region. One option to try here would be to take a low dose birth control pill that could possibly treat the vaginal tenderness but this would mean the woman wouldn't experience a menstrual cycle. However, birth control is generally used to treat symptoms of PMS and is a safe method of treatment. PMS affects many women and can often disrupt a women's family and social life. Extreme mood swings, heavy bleeding and pain are generally associated with PMS. Some women find it hard to mentally cope with these symptoms and have many questions and concerns regarding it. If you would like more information about PMS, get in touch with a Medical Expert now. They can offer medical insights and suggestions for appropriate methods of treatment based on the details of your case.