Hydrocephalus is a condition that may be inherited or acquired. Congenital hydrocephalus may be present at birth, caused by influences that may have occurred during development, or through genetic abnormalities. Acquired hydrocephalus may develop at time of birth or anytime in life, affecting individuals of all ages. Some questions can arise such as can hydrocephalus in adults be caused by injury? Could recognizing hydrocephalus symptoms lead to an early diagnosis aiding in hydrocephalus treatment?
Hydrocephalus was derived from the Greek words; “hydro" meaning water and "cephalus" meaning head. A condition in which there is excessive fluid in and around the brain. Once known as “water on the brain”. This may occur when the cerebral spinal fluid has restriction of flow, an overproduction of fluids or lack of absorption. Excessive accumulation of fluids may result in an abnormal widening of spaces in the brain called ventricles; this may create pressure on the tissues of the brain. These fluids made inside the ventricles of the brain are normally dispersed around the brain and spinal cord. An Expert has answered question about hydrocephalus and its symptoms below.
If one were asymptomatic then this may not justify an emergency situation. An emergency situation may occur when a CT scan (CAT SCAN) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) would show obstructive hydrocephalus or an acute hydrocephalus. One then may be anxious to see a specialist in the field for hydrocephalus treatment.
Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus can be difficult to diagnose and treat. This is a condition where the pressure in the ventricles of the brain is increased. With treatment involving shunting, the cerebrospinal fluid from the ventricles may result in the brain being less compressed, and therefor increase functionality. Symptoms, thought to occur may include difficulty in walking, dementia, and urinary incontinence. If one experienced all three, then a diagnostic lumbar puncture to reduce fluid in and around the brain may be an option to improve one’s symptoms.
Carbon monoxide toxicity can show similar signs to symptoms of hydrocephalus; so one may not show improvement during the "test" lumbar puncture, and shunting. Diagnostics for brain effects from carbon monoxide may be checked by a scan to look at brain metabolism.
A classic list of symptoms of hydrocephalus may include dementia, walking problems, and urine incontinence. Loss of smell and taste is not a common side effect associated with hydrocephalus. The loss of smell can affect taste and they may be a sign of the dementia, as it may also be a side affected known to Alzheimer’s patients.
An Expert with access to CT scans and EEG imaging, allowing a better understanding of the child’s brain development, would be better prepared to give a prognosis. Though the stunt may improve the cerebral function, with underlying brain developmental issues, the prognosis may be poor.
Hydrocephalus is a condition that may be inherited or acquired. Congenital hydrocephalus may be present at birth, caused by influences that may have occurred during development, or through genetic abnormalities. Acquired hydrocephalus may develop at time of birth or anytime in life. Affecting individuals of all ages, hydrocephalus in adults may be caused by injury or disease. Recognizing hydrocephalus symptoms could lead to an early diagnosis aiding in an individual’s hydrocephalus treatment. Ask an Expert for more answers pertaining to hydrocephalus treatment.
Meeting with a neurosurgeon on Thursday to discuss MRI results for my 88 year old Father. Neurologist believes that his extrapyramidal memory loss, with emphasis on a shuffling gait, is caused by normal pressure hydrocephalus. The neurologist also indicated that there is nothing "horrible" on the MRI but there are several terms I am trying to look up but am finding a hard time figuring out exactly what they mean. In order to better understand the neurosurgeon, I'm looking for help with what the MRI means. Would you be able to assist?
Here is what the MRI indicates:
There is a moderate degree of generalized cerebral atrophy.
There is a slightly disproportionate ventriculomegaly involving the lateral and third ventricles.
There is fairly confluent increased signal within the periventricular white matter.
There is mild cerebellar atrophy.
There are no extra-axial collections.
There is no evidence of acute infarct or hemorrhage.
There are several scattered foci of decreased signal on gradient-echo images within the brain, specifically in the posterior aspect of the right thalamus, and in the right cerebellar hemisphere and in the left posterior temporal lobe. There are a few additional small foci in the cortex in the right parietal lobe. Findings compatible with areas of chronic hemosiderin deposition.
There are appropriate flow-voids in the proximal intracranial vessels.
The craniovertebral junction is normal.
The sellar and suprasellar structures appear grossly normal.
The paranasal sinuses and orbits are unremarkable.
Findings suggest underlying amyloid angiopathy.