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Dog Growth Questions

Every year hundreds of owners find dog growths on their dogs. Some growths are nothing more than an eye sore, while others may interfere with a dog’s day to day life. A skin growth can be a lump on the dog’s tissue and can be felt through the skin. Many dogs can have small (papules) to large (nodules) bumps occur through their life span. These different kinds of lumps can normally be found on dogs that are older. Often, when an individual speaks their dog has a lump the first thing that comes to mind is cancer. However, there are many different reasons and causes a dog may develop a lump. A skin grown can be malignant, benign, abscess, cyst, hematomas or even a skin allergy. On many dogs a lump that is found is considered a benign which can be a cluster of fat cells or lipompas. However, if a lump is spotted on a dog, this should be checked out to waive out the possibility of cancer. So what kinds of dog growths are there? How are these growths diagnosed? Below are questions that have been asked of the Experts about dog growths.

What can a dog growth on the leg that is hollow be?

A hollow growth that has nothing on the inside sounds like a keratoacanthoma. A veterinarian will need to perform a fine needle aspirate, which draws cells and any liquid from the dog growth. The contents of the syringe are then placed upon a slide. After the contents are put on the slide and the veterinarian or a pathologist will examine the cells to give a diagnosis, such as is the growth malignant.

What could a dog growth in the teat area be?

A dog growth in the teat area, if the dog is not spayed, is in most cases a breast cancer lump. The odds of a dog that is not spayed getting breast cancer is normally twenty-five percent. The lump will need to be biopsied to find out if the mass is indeed malignant or benign. If the lump is indeed malignant, then the lump will need to be removed. It is recommended that at the time the lump is removed the dog also be spayed. Having the dog spayed when the lump is being removed decreases the chances of the cancer showing back up in another area. If there is no sign of the cancer spreading elsewhere then the prognosis is good.

Can a dog growth found under the tongue be cancerous?

In some situations this can be possible that a dog growth that is found under the tongue be cancerous. In fact many growths that are found under a dog’s tongue are cancerous. A biopsy should be performed at the earliest date because if the growth is cancerous the longer it goes untreated then the worse that the prognosis is. The cancer that is most often oral cancer that occurs in dogs is Melanoma.

Why would after removing an oral dog growth and it being non-cancerous, would it be recommended to remove jaw bone as well?

The removing of jaw bone after a non-cancerous dog growth has been removed is most commonly done because the growth, while not cancerous, may be a fibromatous epulis. On top of being the commonest benign oral growth in dogs, it also is a fast growing type. The growth may also become ulcerated and inflamed which can make eating a painful ordeal. Also this type of growth is known to invade tissues that surround the initial site. This is the reason that more than just the growth may need to be removed.

What are treatment options if a dog growth on the leg come back cancerous?

After the histopathology has been done and the report has come back with the growth being cancerous, most generally, the first step in a treatment plan is removal of the dog growth. After the growth has been removed, close attention will be paid to the edges of the removal site, what is being looked for is if the edges of the removal are clean, all of the cancer was removed, or if the edges were dirty, leaving some cancer cells at the site. If the edges are dirty and some cancer cells are still found there then another surgery will need to be done. Beyond that there are other types of treatment that an owner can do such as radiation or chemotherapy, cancer medications.

If an owner finds a dog growth and is concerned the first step will be to have a veterinarian do a fine needle aspiration and then have pathology done. After the pathology has been done, the lump will need to be removed depending on the results of the pathology, if the growth was malignant or benign. If the growth was malignant then the area where the growth was removed will need to be carefully examined to see if any cancerous cells were left behind. The owner will then need to discuss further treatment options. Any other questions regarding dog growths can be directed to the Experts.
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