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Do NOT include your son's social security benefits into YOUR income.
That is not your income -.
Regardless if you claim your son as a dependent.
If your other income is $5000 - none of your social security benefits would be taxable.
And your only taxable income will be that amount $5000
Let me know if you need any help with reporting.
If social security benefits is his ONLY income NONE will be taxable and he would NOT be required to file the tax returns.
It doesn't matter HOW benefits are determined - regardless - they are paid to your son and that is HIS income.
But because that is ONLY his income - nothing is taxable.