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What do you mean with lawful immigrant? Does she has green card?
For tax purposes, she can be a resident or nonresident. Her immigration status doesn't always determine how she has to file/or doesn't need to file a tax return. If nonresident (no green card, no substantial presence test met), she only needs to report US base source of income. Rental income is a passive income, not self-employment income and is linked to the location of the property. Income from a rental property in Colombia is not US source of income.
If she is resident for tax purposes (she has a green card or meet substantial presence test), she will need to report her worldwide income, including income from a rental property in Colombia.
To file as resident, she will use 1040 and schedule E. If she is nonresident, she will not need to file, unless she has US source of income. She doesn't need to send any documentation with her return, but she will need to keep it for her own records in case the IRS ask for it late. She will need keep records related to the value of the property for depreciation, her income and expenses.
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