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IRS follow its own rules regardless what the legal or immigration requirements are. So no, you cannot deduct the expenses because it is required by immigration law. I would also question if owing a property would satisfy the residency requirements. Residency means you physically reside there, not just own a property there.
That being said, you can deduct expenses for short term/vocational rental but only up to the amount of rental income. If you don't have rental income you cannot deduct rental expenses. In order to deduct expenses you will need to engage in for profit rental activity. It means you cannot use the property personally for more than 14 days or 10% of time property was actually rented. You have to advertise it for a fair market value and make a reasonable effort to find tenants.
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