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Taking a distribution is something that can only increase a shareholder's tax liability. Normally, distributions from a s-corp are not taxable to shareholders because they don't exceed the shareholder's basis in the s-corp. If a shareholder receives a distribution in excess of his/her basis in the s-corp, then the shareholder recognizes taxable gain.
Shareholders of s-corporations recognize the income of the s-corp regardless of whether or not it is distributed. This income recognition increases the shareholders' basis in the s-corp. That is why shareholders are then free to take distributions without further tax consequence to the extent of their basis in the s-corp.
A distribution taken in 2016 would also be reported on the 2016 Form 1120S and Schedule K-1's, not on the 2015 forms.