If you entered the armed forces in Missouri, your home of record is presumed to be Missouri and you are presumed to be domiciled in Missouri. Since individuals with a Missouri home of record can be stationed in Missouri or outside Missouri, their tax obligations can be different based on their specific circumstances.
If you: (a) maintained no permanent living quarters in Missouri during the year; (b) maintained permanent living quarters elsewhere; and (c) did not spend more than 30 days of the year in Missouri, you are considered a nonresident for tax purposes and your military pay, interest, and dividend income are not taxable to Missouri.
- If your home of record is Missouri and you are stationed in Missouri due to military orders, all of your income, including your military pay, is taxable to Missouri. If you are entering or leaving the military, Missouri is your home of record, and you spend more than 30 days in Missouri, your total income, including your military pay, is taxable to Missouri.
If you did not file a MO return and had withholding, you must complete Forms MO-1040 and MO-NRI to recover your withholdings. You only have 3 years still open to you though. There is a time limit for claiming a refund.
If you filed a MO return you can amend your past 3 years for MO and claim a refund.
Only the past 3 tax years are open to either. You can correct the 2012 tax year, 2013, and the 2014 but no older than those unfortunately.
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