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It would depend upon the nature of any award that you may receive.
Naturally, normally there would have to be an allocation between the total premiums you paid verses the total premiums the company paid and then that ratio would determine how much of the award would be taxable to you.
However, if the award is in your favor & is based upon the Company's failure to perform under the contract, then the award may not be subject to tax at all. Most disability polices pay until normal retirement age or 65/66 depending upon when the policy was taken out, so the amount that you may be entitled to under the contract is determinable. Any penalty assessed to the Insurance Company & paid to you, may not be taxable at all. It really depends upon how any settlement is structured.