Have a Tax Question? Ask a Tax Expert
Hi from Just Answer. I'm PDtax, and will assist.
A child does not have to live with you to qualify as a dependent.
You generally cannot claim a person as a dependent unless that person is a U.S. citizen, U.S. resident alien, U.S. national, or a resident of Canada or Mexico. However, there is an exception for certain adopted children.
If you were resident in the US, and are looking into dependents who did not live with you, have green cards or reside in Canada, US or Mexico, you are probably out of luck for those prior years. You did not mention children as the dependents in question, I just assumed.
Barring other facts, prior year amendment would be inappropriate. Thanks for asking at Just Answer. Positive feedback is appreciated. I'm PDtax.
you can amend and claim your wife as a dependent. In fact, you can file married joint. Green card is not needed to amend.
http://www.irs.gov/Individuals/International-Taxpayers/U.S.-Citizens-and-Resident-Aliens-Abroad---Nonresident-Alien-Spouse covers hos to make the election with the amended returns.
Your stepson can not be claimed that way.
Thanks again. Positive feedback is appreciated. I'm PDtax.