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As a US citizen you are required to pay tax on your worldwide income. Since you are not earning anything in Mexico, you have no filing requirement. Your immigration status in Mexico is a different story. You would need to talk to an immigration lawyer in Mexico. I don't think that you are at any more risk than possibly being deported. Your uncle, on the other hand, is breaking the law when he gives the Mexican authorities the documents stating that you are working.
For your second question, your family can gift you a property. In order to properly address the tax situation, I need to know where this property is located, and are the current owners US citizens/resident aliens or not? From your point of view, in the US gifts are never taxable. When you sell it, the difference between what your relatives paid for it and what you sell it for is long term capital gains, and if you have no income, as you state, it would be taxed at 0% or 15%, depending on the amount of the gain.
For your third question, if you purchase inventory from the US, and sell it in Mexico, you are considered to be self-employed. You would report your sales, less the cost of items that you sold, less expenses that you incur, and pay income tax and self-employment tax on those earnings. If you are living in Mexico, you will be required to file and pay taxes in Mexico as well as the United States. If you live in Mexico and meet certain requirements under Internal Revenue Code §911 you can exclude up to $94k of income from taxation in the United States. And, you can use the tax you pay in Mexico to offset some of the US income tax (but not Self-Employment tax) that you might have.
I look forward to your reply so I can answer the second question! If you have any more, please ask as well!
Have a great week!
Thank you for your fast reply
The location where is the property is in Tlanepantla Mexico state, Street Bosques de veracruz #68 Postal code 54050 Santa Monica
With respect the last question Americans actually being double taxed, is that correct?
Is the relative who owns the property have American citizenship or Mexican?
While you will report the income in both countries, Mexico will get the income tax, and the Mexican income tax will offset the US income tax, so income tax is paid in only one country. The Self-Employment tax is paid only to the US. So tax will be paid to both countries, but they are two different taxes - income (Mexico) and self-employment (USA).
Please let me know the citizenship of the person who owns the land in Mexico.
Yes my relative have Mexican citizenship only
OK. For him, there are no US reporting requirements or US tax consequences for him giving you the property.
For you however, there may be reporting requirements. In general, a foreign gift is money or other property received by a U.S. person from a foreign person that the recipient treats as a gift or bequest and excludes from gross income. A "foreign person" is a nonresident alien individual or foreign corporation, partnership or estate. IF the value of this gift (the Mexico property) is more than US$100,000, you have to report the gift. This is an informational return only, and is filed with your US personal income tax return. The reporting of this gift has NO US tax consequences for the you as the recipient of the gift.
When you sell the property, your "basis" in the property is whatever the relative who gave it to you paid for it, plus any improvements that he made to it. The difference between what you sell it for and what your basis is will be considered long term capital gain. You will pay tax at either 0%, 15% or 20%, depending on your income when you sell it.
I hope this answers your questions! If you still have questions, feel free to ask! If my answer helps you, please rate me highly! I would appreciate it!