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As you did not live in Hawaii, you are not considered a resident of Hawaii. You are no longer considered a resident once you do not live within the state.
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Original expert here. Apologies, but our site has been having technical difficultiesAccording to chapter 235 of the Hawaii Income Tax Law, you owe tax to Hawaii if you are a resident. Once you moved to Japan, you were no longer considered a resident of Hawaii as you were no longer domiciled there. You would only owe tax for the period you lived there. You will NOT owe back taxes for the 17 years you lived in Japan - you were not considered a Hawaii resident then. A bank account would not make you a resident, so do not worry about having a bank account there.So, do not worry about the 17 year period you have been domiciled in Japan, unless you had Hawaii sourced income at that time.
According to the tax law, you are domiciled in Hawaii when:
8/28/98](Auth: HRS §§231-3(9), 235-118) (Imp: HRS §235-1Please let me know if you have further questions. You can review the tax document I referenced, HERE. Please take a moment to rate my response "Excellent" so that I may receive credit for assisting you today.
OK, I am NOT considered a resident if I have bank accounts there.
But what about the fact that I have had a Hawaii Driver's license for the whole time that I was in Japan (in addition to my Japanese driver's license of course)?
In addition, would the fact that I have family there and every now and then use an address of a family member in Hawaii to apply for certain credit cards or to run a credit check (since all these transactions require a U.S. address) have influence on determining residencey or non-residency?