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There are certain meal expenses that are 100% deductible. These are:
• Recreational expenses primarily for employees who are not highly compensated, such as the business holiday party or the company picnic• Office snacks provided to employees at the office• Meals provided on the employer’s premises to more than half of the employees for the convenience of the employer, meaning meals provided to employees to keep them working late or on weekends for the employer’s convenience• Meal expenses (or goods, services, and facilities) made available to the public, usually for advertising and promotional purposes • Meals for which the business is reimbursed for the expense• Meal expenses includible in income of persons who are not employees
Based on the 2 scenarios you provided, since you are taking the "core management team" to lunch, this would be considered limited to 50%...
In your second scenario, meals related to business travel are also subject to the 50% limitation...
The 50% tax deduction for meal limitations generally includes the meal expenses below:
• Meals directly related to business meetings of employees, stockholders, agents, and directors• Office meetings and partner meetings • Meals with clients, customers, and vendors that will benefit the business• Meals while on business travel status• Meals while attending a business seminar, convention, or any other form of meeting
Unfortunately, in most circumstances, meals are limited to the 50% tax deduction.
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