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Thank you for allowing me to be of service to you. Your student is correct. The state a student pays taxes to is determined by his residency. If a student is a resident of Illinois, but attends seminary school in Nebraska, the student would file his return in Illinois. Both the IRS and state taxing authorities are in agreement on this for residency purposes. However, if your seminary was located in Nebraska and your student was a resident of Nebraska but attending seminary in Illinois, he would file his return in Nebraska. Please let me know if you require further information or clarification. Also, please remember to rate my answer to you as this rating is an important part of being an expert on this website. Thank you.
Is there any IRS or state regulation that you could provide to back up the opinion?
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Below is the information from the Illinois Department of Revenue website:
Section 201(a) of the Illinois Income Tax Act (“IITA”; 35 ILCS 5/101 et seq.) imposes a tax measured by net income “on the privilege of earning or receiving income in or as a resident of this State.”
According to Section 1501(20) of the IITA, the applicable definition of a “resident” is defined as
(A) an individual (i) who is in this State for other than a temporary or transitory purpose
during the taxable year; or (ii) who is domiciled in this State but is absent from the State
for a temporary or transitory purpose during the taxable year.
In addition, Section(NNN) NNN-NNNNof the Illinois Administrative Code (“IAC”) discusses residency in greater detail. For example, Section(NNN) NNN-NNNNd) focuses upon the taxpayer’s “domicile” in determining residency for Illinois Income Tax purposes:
(d) Domicile. Domicile has been defined as the place where an individual has his true,
fixed, permanent home and principal establishment, the place to which he intends to return whenever he is absent. … An individual can at any one time have but one domicile. If an individual has acquired a domicile at one place, he retains that domicile until he acquires another elsewhere.