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Q: Can I claim mileage I drove in someone else's vehicle for work
A: As per IRS rules
, you have to own the vehicle to be able to claim the mileage deduction. SEE BELOW.
To use the standard mileage rate, you must own or lease the car and:
You must not operate five or more cars at the same time, as in a fleet operation
You must not have claimed a depreciation deduction using the Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System (MACRS) on the car in an earlier year, including any additional first-year depreciation or "bonus depreciation" or any method other than straight-line for its estimated useful life
You must not have claimed a Section 179 deduction on the car; and you must not have claimed actual expenses after 1997 for a car you leased, and
You cannot use the standard mileage rate if you are a rural mail carrier who received a "qualified reimbursement"
Further, to use the standard mileage rate for a car you own, you must choose to use it in the first year the car is available for use in your business. Then, in later years, you can choose to use the standard mileage rate or actual expenses.
REFERENCE SOURCE (IRS Topic 510):
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