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Please find rules for claiming dependents in IRS publication 501 page 12 - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p501.pdf
I put extract here for your convenience
If Social Security benefits of $3840 is the only income of the girlfriend - it is not taxable - and the girlfriend is a qualified relative of your son - and may be claimed as a dependent.
Because the girlfriend is a dependent - she may not claim her children and if children are not qualified children for anyone else - they are qualified relatives for your son - and therefore may be claimed as dependents.
Let me know if you need any help.