You are liable for state taxes in:
1. The state where you are a resident and
2. Any state where you have income from a source within that state
Because you have rental income in both VA and CA, you will need to file a non-resident return
with both of those states, and pay VA state tax on your VA rental income and CA state
tax on your CA rental income.
That same income from both locations will also be reported on your resident NY return
, but NY will allow you a credit
for the taxes you already paid to both VA and CA. That will help to reduce or eliminate any double taxation
at the state level on the rental income you receive.
Any other income
you may have such as military reitrement pay or if you end up getting a job in NY will be taxable only in the state of NY.
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Thank you Joe.