On Sep 9, 2008, the IRS issued temporary Income Tax Regulations, which eliminate the advance ruling process for a section 501(c)(3) organization. Under the new regulations, a new 501(c)(3) organization will be classified as a publicly supported charity, and not a private foundation, if it can show that it reasonably can be expected to be publicly supported when it applies for tax-exempt status.
Please see other issue and information provided by the IRS in this article - http://www.irs.gov/charities/charitable/article/0,,id=184578,00.html
You may find the general procedure of creating non-for-profit organization here - http://nonprofit.about.com/od/nonprofitbasics/ht/startingsteps.htm
The IRS publication 557 - http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p557.pdf - will be very helpful, but please be aware of changes in the application process mentioned above.
Unfortunately 501(c)(3) organizations are not exempt from any employment tax and are not exempt from FUTA and SUTA taxes.
For GA specifics - see - http://www.gcn.org/Files/StartupPrint.pdf
Here is a reference to the code you mentioned - http://law.justia.com/georgia/codes/34/34-8-35.html
(i) The term 'employment' shall include service performed by an individual in the employ of a religious, charitable, educational, or other organization, but only if such organization meets the definition of employer in Code Section 34-8-33.
(j) For the purposes of subsections (h) and (i) of this Code section, the term 'employment' does not apply to service performed:
(1) In the employ of:
(A) A church or convention or association of churches; or
(B) An organization which is operated primarily for religious purposes and which is operated, supervised, controlled, or principally supported by a church or convention or association of churches;
(2) By a duly ordained, commissioned, or licensed minister of a church in the exercise of his or her ministry or by a member of a religious order in the exercise of duties required by such order;
Please be careful if your organization is operated primarily for educational and not religious purposes.