Whether he will have to file a tax return will depend on this total income. Note that the mother cannot claim her child if the child can provide more that 50% of his own support.
I would suggest him to claim 2 allowances so that tax gets deducted at a lower rate. By claiming 0 more taxes will be deducted and he may get a refund at the end when filing a tax return.
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He will have to file a tax return if his gross income is more than $5350 presuming he does not have any self employment earnings.
yes, you can still claim him if he does not provide more than 50% of his own support.
see link below for qualifying child definition