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Breast reduction mammoplasty surgery might be considered an elective cosmetic expense and therefore NOT deductible. However, exceptions are made if the procedure is to correct a congenital abnormality, or a disfiguring accident or disease. A case might also be made that the large breast size endangers your general health. In such instances, you have a case.
Deductible medical expense must exceed 7.5% of your income in a single tax year before they begin to add up in Schedule A, and -- even then -- your total itemized deductions might be less than the standard deduction of $4850 (if filing singly) or $9700, if filing jointly. If that is the case, you won't save any taxes by trying to deduct the expense. It depends a lot upon how many other Schedule A deductibles you have, like state taxes and mortgage interest.