Hi there and welcome
Can you tell me the version of windows you used?
And is it the same hardware on both computers?
On the sign in screen, hold the Left shift and with it held, click the power icon and click restart.
Keep shift held down until it has restarted and your at a menu.
Choose troubleshoot, Advance options then system restore
Perform a restore from the last restore point and when it is finished, tell me if you can then sign in please.
It can be, but you did a clone of the entire disk correct? Including the partitions?
It points to the windows image not being on the partition, as this is the message it would give when trying to reset and not finding the image.
You would have got an MBR error if it was related to the disk itself, plus it would not start.
Did you try entering windows in safe mode?
when you use the instructions I gave to do a system restore, there you will see the option to enter in safe mode
if it loads in Safe Mode, this is the next step we need to know.
But then I am gathering you did not do the system restore as per my initial instructions either? This is different to resetting the pc
Acronis is the best for this